It is an anxiety disorder in which the person has a clear and persistent fear of being embarrassed or humiliated in social situations where he or she is worried that he may be judged by others. They may be afraid of public speaking out of fear that they will notice their hands or voices are shaking or their face is turning red, or they may be extremely anxious when talking to others for fear of appearing unable to speak properly. Therefore, they may avoid eating, drinking, talking or writing in front of others.
The lifetime prevalence of social phobia is between 2-13%. It is one of the most common psychiatric diseases. In a study conducted with university students in Turkey, 24% of them were found to have this disease. It usually starts at the age of ten. In order to say social phobia, the person must have avoidance behaviors as well as fear, or if the person does not run away, forces himself to endure this situation; must be in great trouble. Also, in Social Phobia, the person knows that their fears are excessive or unreasonable.
Symptoms; facial flushing, sweating, dry mouth, palpitations, shortness of breath, shortness of breath, discomfort in the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea, muscle tension, tremors.
TREATMENT: Medication and psychotherapy are applied. Depending on the patient’s condition, sometimes psychotherapy alone and sometimes drug treatment are applied, but the success rate is generally higher when both are applied together. In drug treatment, drugs that are especially effective on the serotonin system are chosen. The most common form of therapy is Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy. In cognitive therapy, there are stages such as recognizing feelings of anxiety and bodily reactions to this anxiety, understanding what thoughts are in situations that cause anxiety, and developing coping strategies against them. In behavioral therapy, on the other hand, there are different methods that can be applied to each patient, such as being a model, going over the top, role-playing so that he can perceive the symptoms more clearly, relaxation training, social skills training. Family and group therapy can also be applied.