Each of us may feel restless and nervous when meeting someone new, before a big presentation, when having a conversation with a person, when entering a crowded restaurant, or even when telling us where to get off on the minibus. But for people with a diagnosis of social anxiety disorder, such situations turn into a bigger nightmare and they may find themselves avoiding environments that require all social skills.
As a result of this avoidance, all important areas that require work, career, family, private life and all other social performances begin to be adversely affected, negative thoughts are reinforced, anxiety and depression come to the fore.
So, what is social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia, which affects the most important areas of people’s lives so much and is experienced much more severely than the feeling of shyness?
intense fear of social situations
Since the person with social phobia assumes that he will be criticized, judged, disgraced and humiliated by others, he avoids social environments completely in order to reduce his anxiety or starts to exhibit different behaviors in these environments to feel safe.
According to the study by Zimbardo et al, 40 percent of people describe themselves as chronically shy.
However, the anxiety levels of people diagnosed with social anxiety disorder are so high that the person becomes unable to carry out their daily life, work life, school life, relationships and other social activities in a healthy way.
Although the events that increase the anxiety of people with social phobia differ from each other, the situations that trigger the fear of individuals with social anxiety disorder can be listed as follows:
meeting new people,
Entering a crowded environment
Do not speak in public,
Calling a stranger on the phone for the first time,
Working while being watched by others
Eating in public
Being the center of attention
Expressing disapproval or disagreement with someone’s opinion,
Talking to someone in authority
Don’t make mistakes in public.
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Physiological symptoms of social anxiety disorder
The heart begins to beat rapidly,
Tremors and sweating in the hands,
Shortness of breath and shortness of breath
Dry in the throat.
Social anxiety disorder is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in society and is an anxiety disorder. In a study, 24 percent of university students in Turkey were found to have this disease. Although it varies according to the social phobia subtype, it begins between early and late adolescence. In the data of the Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapies Association, it is stated that it is more common in women, but it is more common in men in clinical application.