You may have seen the warnings on cigarette packs: “Quickly quitting smoking greatly reduces the factors that threaten your health”.
Which of the diseases associated with smoking comes to your mind?
Most likely lung cancer. Maybe emphysema.
But did you know that 50 percent of gum diseases in smokers are caused by smoking?
Chronic gum disease can cause you to lose your teeth completely.
“Studies show that tobacco use may be one of the biggest factors in the development of gum disease. ” states. Gum disease is a bacterial infection. It is a disease that destroys the soft tissue and bone that attach your teeth to your jaw. Bacteria settle and thrive on dental plaque in the cavities at the side of your teeth. Thus, your body reacts to dental plaque and this causes soft tissue and bones to collapse. Studies show that smokers have more tartar than non-smokers. This may be due to low saliva production. Chemicals in tobacco are thought to interfere with the flow of blood to the gums. And this slows down the healing process; it makes treatment results unpredictable and negative.
GINGOM STARTS TO DEPOSE
In the early stages of the disease, you may notice bleeding when brushing or flossing your teeth. As the infection worsens, your gums begin to collapse. It pulls back from your teeth and produces cavities. Then, as the supporting structures in your mouth collapse one by one, the space between your gums and teeth gets deeper. And eventually your teeth loosen and you start to suffer aches and pains. Your teeth may even fall out completely.
“Although smokers have low oral health, they see less bleeding or redness in their gums”He emphasizes that this situation actually misleads people about dental health, makes them think that their teeth are healthy, and therefore it is very important for smokers to pay attention to their oral and dental examinations.
Using tobacco products can make gum disease worsen faster. Smokers have deeper spaces between the teeth and gums and are more susceptible to bone loss than non-smokers. Studies show that smokers are 3 to 6 times more at risk than non-smokers. The rate of severe bone loss is 5 times higher among smokers and ex-smokers and non-smokers.
THE TREATMENT PROCESS IS DIFFICULT
Smoking not only increases your risk of gum disease, but also complicates the treatment process. And it even reduces the chances of the treatment being successful. This is because smoking prevents your mouth from repairing itself. A study on this topic reveals that smokers are twice as likely to lose their teeth 5 years after gum treatment than non-smokers. In studies examining non-surgical gum treatments, smokers show much less improvement than non-smokers. Smokers also fail to respond to treatment with oral surgery. The failure rate of dental implants is much higher in smokers because smoking greatly reduces bone healing.
Dental crowns and bridges look great when first placed. But smokers often lose this appearance, especially when the gums are receded and the bone is lost. Popular cosmetic applications such as porcelain laminate cannot maintain their strength and beauty for a long time in smokers.
Smoking isn’t the only thing that contributes to gum disease. All tobacco products adversely affect gum health. These include pipes, smokeless tobacco, and cigars. Labels on smokeless products such as nicotine gums also state that such products cause oral cancer, gum disease or tooth loss. The only good news about smoking and oral health, the warnings of the Ministry of Health are correct. Quitting smoking immediately greatly reduces the factors that threaten your health. According to a recently published study, people who quit smoking 11 years ago have the same rate of dental disease as people who have never smoked. Even reducing the usage rate helps. A study on this subject reveals that smokers of 1.5 packs of cigarettes a day are 6 times more at risk of disease than nonsmokers, but 3 times that of those who smoke half a pack a day.
ORAL CANCER CAUSES
Tobacco’s greatest danger to your health may be its link to oral cancer. Smoking tobacco products from cigarettes, cigars, and pipes can cause cancer in the mouth or the throat part of the mouth just in the pharynx. It can also cause cancer of the larynx, esophagus, kidney, bladder, and several other organs. Smoking a pipe can also cause lip cancer where the pipe touches. According to the American Society for Cancer Research:
• 90 percent of people with oral cancer and some types of laryngeal cancer smoke.
The risk of these cancers appearing in the body increases with the frequency of use of these products. Smokers are 6 times more at risk than non-smokers. It is stated that in 37 percent of patients who continue to smoke after cancer treatment, cancer recurs and secondary cancer of the mouth, throat and larynx occurs. Smokeless tobacco is associated with cancers of the cheek, gums and inner lip. Smokeless tobacco increases these cancer risks by 50 times.
Dental implants replace lost teeth. However, smokers should be aware that there is a possibility that this procedure will fail. Studies consistently show that implant defects are more common in smokers. However, those who are considering implantation should consider this risk. It is very important to quit smoking before getting an implant. I suggest you seek counseling and help about quitting.