Most of us know about the relationship between smoking and cancer, respiratory and heart disease. While in the past little mention was made of the strong link between smoking and dental and dental disease, recent studies and scientific evidence have shown that smoking poses the greatest environmental risk for gum disease as well.
Could you briefly talk about the history of smoking?
It is understood from the carvings on the temple walls that inlim agriculture was boiled in the Americas in 600 BC and was first used by the Mayas in Central America 4″>(K) years after this date.
It is also found in Native Americans. Between 500-600 AD, “la North American Indians smoking a peace stick, a war stick. It is seen that they have adapted to their religious and social practices such as the meeting bar. It is thought that the word cigarette derives from the name sik’ar given to tobacco leaves by the Mayas, lutünii. 15th century At the end of the 16th century, American sailors brought it to the European continent to train and its use became widespread. The reason for its use here is the belief that it cured 36 diseases as well as migraine. The first obstacle to the use of tulle started with the ban imposed during the reign of Murat IV, but it was not successful.
What is the status of smoking in the world and in Turkey?
According to the World Health Organization data, it is estimated that 1.1 billion people in the world smoke cigarettes. 47% of cracks. It has been calculated that 12% of women smoke. In our policy, 17 million people smoke, this rate is 63%*ii for men. It is known that women have Im-25%.
In our country, 6.5 billion dollars are spent annually on cigarettes. When it is calculated that the cost of treating 50 diseases caused by cigarettes is 2 billion dollars, an average of 8.5 billion dollars is spent annually to purchase cigarettes and have them treated.
Can you explain the relationship between smoking and general health?
With the rapid spread of smoking, the diseases it is responsible for and the deaths related to them have also increased rapidly. According to the data of the World Health Organisation, cigarettes are responsible for the death of one million two deaths per year in the world and in 2010, 10 million of this fluid was consumed.
rise is added. Researchers now agree that smoking is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and cancer, and therefore it is defined as one of the problems with an urgent solution. Smoking is also associated with low weight births, puiioncr. gastmintelitial. may also cause cerebrovascular diseases.
How does smoking trigger Periodontal Tissues?
It can have a devastating effect on periodontal tissues in two ways, the first is local irritation on the gingival tissues. and the second is to dissolve the functions of leukocytes |M>liiinrfonuclucr by participating in the cystic circulatory system. may cause degradation of vascular tissue and hemodynamics. More alvcol bone loss and greater pocket depth were found in smokers. This situation is explained as cigarette smoking affects the hypothyroidal tissues due to its cystic effect.
The facts in the relationship between SMOKING and PERIODONTAL DISEASE are as follows:
1.The main cause of periodontal disease. Disruption of the relationship between disease-causing microorganisms and the intestinal response. Smoking negatively affects this balance and weakens the host response.
2. Studies have shown that smoking has a direct effect on the formation of microbial dental plaque and tartar, smokers have a significant degree of tartar and periodontal disease is more severe, and this is directly proportional to the number of cigarettes.
3. Smokers have more dental and gum disease problems than non-smokers. Studies show that smokers have fewer teeth than nonsmokers. more rotten teeth. Promise 67% more tooth loss. subject.
4. It is seen that those who suffer from serious gum disease are smokers.
5. Smoking is very harmful for young patients, and progressive disease becomes more complicated and more expensive and less satisfying.
6. The nicotine in cigarettes causes the blood vessels to narrow. This results in less visible inflammation, less bleeding gums, and disruption of the mouth’s defense mechanism against bacteria.
7.Non-gum pocket. It causes the proliferation of many harmful bacteria that are the cause of bone loss and gum infections.
8. The results of periodontal treatment of smokers and recovery of vara are more difficult than those of non-smokers. Gum problems recur more in smokers.
9. Smoking changes your defense mechanism against oral bacteria. Studies have shown that white blood cells that kill bacteria are reduced by 50%.
10. Our gums around our ten upper teeth are very much affected by the chemicals in cigarettes.
11. Due to the effects of nicotine on blood vessels, gingival bleeding and redness in the gums are less in smokers, which is important in early diagnosis. In short, it masks the periodontal disease that causes tooth loss and makes the diagnosis more difficult and late.
If you can eliminate or control a factor that hurts you, your general shallowness will noticeably improve, and it will be easier to solve your gum problems.