Sleep Apnea is a life-threatening disease that manifests itself with snoring and respiratory arrest during sleep, and is a treatable disease that causes many chronic diseases. It is usually more common in men. These people are mostly overweight and have a short neck. It is also seen in thin individuals and women. Its incidence in the community varies between 3-5%. It is also frequently seen in children, especially those with adenoid and tonsil inflammation, and in cases of anatomical disorders in the face and chin.
WHAT ARE SLEEP APNES SYMPTOMS?
Sleep apnea may present with many symptoms such as snoring, shortness of breath during sleep, daytime sleepiness, urination at night, sweating during sleep, waking up tired in the morning, poor concentration, irritability, forgetfulness, anxiety disorder, depression or work problems. Often, individuals are unaware that they are sick. Hypertension, diabetes, heart and nervous system diseases are more common in these people. Due to the weakening of the immune system, they are more susceptible to infections. In addition, traffic accidents and work accidents are common in these diseases.
WHAT DOES THE SLEEP LABORATORY DO?
The definitive diagnosis of sleep apnea syndrome is sleep laboratory examination. With the night sleep examination, the stages of sleep, respiration, movement and heart functions are followed and the disease is diagnosed.
STAGES OF SLEEP APNEA
There are mild, moderate and severe stages of sleep apnea. In sleep analysis, when the number of respiratory arrests per hour is between 5 and 15, we say light, 15-30 moderate, and above 30 severe.
SLEEP APNES TREATMENT
In children, if there is a condition that blocks the adenoid, throat passage, taking it causes it to expand. Apart from this, it increases the oxygenation of the body by keeping the respiratory tract open with device therapy. Thus, it contributes to the recovery of the patient.
When sleep apnea is not treated, it causes blood pressure, heart failure, and even sudden death during sleep. Especially patients with high blood pressure and heart failure should be treated urgently. People with sleep apnea cannot lose weight by dieting. These patients lose weight only after treatment. After treatment, we can see our patients who reduce their diabetes medication, stop their blood pressure medication, and lose weight. Since it is a disorder that seriously affects the person’s cardiovascular system and metabolism, its treatment should not be neglected. It is important to evaluate and treat patients holistically.