skin cancer treatment

The skin is the largest organ in the body. It performs many important functions such as protecting the body from infections, regulating body temperature and fluids. The skin consists of three main layers. The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin. It protects the body from external factors. Contains preventive pigments so that the lower layers of the skin are not exposed to UV rays. Dermis is a sublayer of the Epidermis. It contains blood vessels, connective tissues, hair follicles, and sweat glands. The deepest part of the skin is the subcutaneous layer. Contains fat cells and collagen.

One of the most common types of cancer in the world is skin cancer. Statistics show that half a million new cases of skin cancer occur each year. Who gets skin cancer and why? The biggest cause of skin cancer is Ultra Violet (UV) radiation from the sun. But this radiation can also come artificially from the solarium.

What are the types of skin cancer?

The most common types of skin cancers are classified according to the cells from which they originate in the skin. Basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant melanoma are among the most common skin cancers. Early diagnosis of skin cancers is very important. The cancer group called basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of cancer in the skin. The sun is one of the most important causes of skin cancers. Sun protection is very important in preventing skin cancer, especially in the first twenty years. It is recommended to use sunscreen before going out in the sun, to wear clothes suitable for the sun and to avoid getting burned.

Skin cancers have started to increase in the last two decades. It is more common especially in middle age. It is often seen in men. Because men work more outdoors than women. The risk increases in middle age and beyond. In the twenty years we have mentioned, the rate of UV in the sun has also increased. This is another point that triggers cancer.

People with fair skin, those with a family history of skin cancer, those with numerous and irregular moles on their body, those with sun-related freckles and stains on their skin, those who have been exposed to some chemical agents, and those who have had skin cancer before are shown as risky groups for the development of skin cancer.

How is the treatment done?

Skin cancer treatment can vary depending on the type of cancer, its growth, and where it is located. If the cancer is small, the procedure can be done on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia. In these small and less dangerous types, scraping (curettage) or removing cancer cells (dessiccation) with electric current can also be performed. If the cancer is large, has spread to the lymph nodes or to another part of the body, major surgery may be needed. Other possible treatment options in skin cancers are cryotherapy (destroying cancer cells by freezing), radio therapy (radiation therapy), chemotherapy (administration of anticancer drugs).

Skin cancers may recur in the area where they first appeared after treatment. There is even a risk of spreading to distant organs. That’s why initial treatment is so important. For early diagnosis and treatment of relapse, patients should be under the control of a doctor after treatment.

What should we do to prevent skin cancer?

The most important factor in the formation of skin cancer is sun rays. The more we reduce our exposure to the sun, the less we will be affected. When we are exposed to the sun, we should use sun lotions and creams. Most importantly, we should pay attention to the fact that the sunscreens used are effective against both UVA and UVB, and that they do not lose their protective properties in water. Apart from this, the entire skin should be checked at regular intervals and a doctor should be consulted in case of any lesion.

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