Skin cancer

Skin cancer usually occurs in areas where the skin is most exposed to sunlight. The main carcinogen is not sunlight, but the UV waves it contains. It is most commonly seen on the face, arms, chest and hands. However, apart from these

  • scalp

  • Ears

  • Lips

  • Neck

  • around the nail

  • sole of foot

  • It can also be seen in the genital area.

Skin cancer usually presents with new moles, freckles or spots as the first finding. However, not all skin cancers present in the same way. It varies according to the type of skin cancer and the age of the patient.

Actinic Keratosis

Actinic keratosis is also known as precancerous. It may be in the form of a crusty or scaly lesion. It can be seen all over the body. For example

  • scalp

  • One hundred

  • Ears

  • Lips

  • back of hand

  • forearm area

  • Shoulders can be given.

These areas are usually sun-exposed areas. Said lesions are sometimes so small that they cannot be seen. It can be felt by touch. It is usually felt as a slightly raised, lumpy texture from the skin. It is usually red in color, but can also be skin-colored or a pinkish color. It is important to treat actinic keratosis early. Untreated actinic keratosis cases can develop into squamous cell skin cancer at a rate of 10%.

basal cell carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma originates from basal skin cells. Basal cells are located at the bottom of the epidermis, the top layer of the skin. Basal cell carcinoma can occur in a variety of ways.

  • wound that does not heal for 10 days

  • Itchy, sore, cracked or bleeding rash

  • Pimple-like bumps that are different from the skin and have a red top on them

  • Wounds that are black in the middle and pink around them

Basal cell carcinomas are diseases that can be treated when detected. They grow slowly. They do not spread to bones, muscles and other internal organs like other skin cancers.

squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas are mostly located in areas of the skin that are most exposed to the sun. It can also be seen in the mouth and genital areas. squamous cell carcinoma

  • Crusted, red and bleeding wounds,

  • Cracked, flowing, bleeding and non-healing wounds,

  • It can cause soft and raised, bleeding wounds.

The wounds of squamous cell carcinoma are soft and itchy. Scratching these wounds can cause infection in the area.

If left untreated, squamous cell carcinomas can grow. In rare cases, it can spread to lymph nodes and other organs.

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