Skin cancer

Things to Know About Skin Cancers

1) The most common type of cancer in the community is “skin cancer”. It is a cancer that is usually diagnosed early due to its location in visible areas.
2) The risk of skin cancer has increased due to the thinning of the ozone layer. Patients with fair skin and freckles, those with a family history of skin cancer, people who have been exposed to excessive amounts of sun, patients with chronic wounds such as osteomyelitis, patients undergoing radiation therapy, and those who have long-term exposure to chemicals such as arsenic or pitch are at risk.
3) In order to prevent skin cancer, it is important to spend less time under the sun, to use sunscreen creams correctly in summer, and to regularly examine body moles and suspected lesions with a dermatoscope.
4) It should be suspected that crusts or wounds that have not healed within 1 month on the skin may be skin cancer.
5) Sometimes skin cancer can develop from a long-standing ‘mole’ or keratosis (thickening of the skin).
6) In the last few months, if a “me” has started to grow, its borders have become irregular, its color has changed, the skin has become swollen, or a wound has opened on it, it may mean that this “me” has turned into cancer.
7) Definitive diagnosis of skin cancer; It is diagnosed by removing a part or all of the suspected lesion and examining the sample taken under a microscope by a pathologist.
8) There are many types of skin cancer, but 3 of them account for 99% of all skin cancers. We; For physicians dealing with the treatment of skin cancers, the type of skin cancer present in the patient is very important. In the treatment of one type of skin cancer, the patient regains his health as a result of removing the lesion only by surgery, while in another type of skin cancer, if the lesion is surgically removed, the patient may be at risk of life even if additional treatments are applied.
9) In the treatment of all types of skin cancer, surgical removal of the cancer is usually required. In some cases, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or other additional treatments may be needed.
10) The most common type of skin cancer with the best response to treatment is “Basal Cell Cancer”. Basal cell cancer rarely recurs if it is operated on. It is not a cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. If it is not treated or if the treatment is started late, it has a structure that deepens and grows where it is. Its progression is slow, sometimes reaching twice its size in a long period of 5-6 years.
11) The risk of basal cell skin cancer increases with age. It is most commonly observed between the ages of 60-80.
12) Complete removal of basal cell cancer with surgery is usually sufficient for treatment.
13) The second most common skin cancer is “Squamous Cell Skin Cancer”. It may show symptoms in the form of bleeding, growing, changing lesions and incomplete healing wounds. Sores on the lower lip and ears lasting longer than 4 weeks should be suspected of being this type of cancer.
14) Since squamous cell cancer has a risk of spreading rapidly, it should be given a little more attention. In particular, there is a risk of spreading to regional lymph nodes.
15) Complete removal of squamous cell cancer with surgery is required for treatment. Since this type of cancer can spread to the lymph nodes, in some cases it may be necessary to surgically remove the regional lymph nodes. In some cases, radiation therapy may be required.
16) Malignant melanoma is the rarest and most malignant skin cancer compared to other skin cancers. Early diagnosis and treatment are life-saving in this cancer.
17) Patients who have had severe sunburns in childhood are at risk. Chronic sun damage is also effective in the development of malignant melanoma.
18) The risk of developing malignant melanoma is higher in people with blue or green eyes, people with light skin color, people with blond and red hair, people prone to freckles, and people who develop sunburn without tanning.
19) In the treatment of malignant melanoma, in addition to surgical removal of the cancer, in some cases it may be necessary to surgically remove the regional lymph nodes. In addition, immunotherapy, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy may be beneficial.
20) Finally; Examine your skin regularly. If you have a suspicious lesion, consult your Plastic Surgeon Specialist.

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