Sinusitis and Its Treatment

Sinusitis is an infection of the sinus cavities located around the nose. sinus cavities; It consists of the maxillary sinuses located on the cheek under the eyes, the ethmoid sinuses located between the two eyes, the frontal sinuses located on the forehead and the sphenoid sinuses located towards the head. Sinuses are normally air-filled cavities within the skull, each connected to the nasal passage. We call the infection of these cavities sinusitis.



Sinusitis usually occurs as a result of upper respiratory tract infection, as a result of obstruction of the mouth of the sinuses with edema and inability to aerate. Curvatures in the nasal bone, allergies, growths in the nasal concha, anatomical disorders that block the mouth of the sinuses and smoking pave the way for the formation of sinusitis. The vast majority of sinusitis is initially viral. However, after a while, with the formation of a suitable environment in the sinus, bacteria also get involved. When sinusitis lasts less than 4 weeks, it is called acute sinusitis. If the disease lasts more than 12 weeks, it is called chronic sinusitis.


In acute sinusitis, headache, facial pain, inflammatory discharge from the nose, post-nasal drip and sometimes fever are observed. Head and face pain, nasal congestion and postnasal drip are usually observed in chronic sinusitis. If sinusitis is not treated, it can cause serious complications such as preseptal cellulitis, eye abscess, and meningitis.

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