SINUSITIS

Sinusitis is a health problem that affects nearly 15 million people every year in Turkey. At the same time the people
more than diabetes and heart failure, which are among the top health problems among
a disease that impairs quality of life. Not only physically and functionally, but also psychologically
affecting.

A study found that the disease causes over $8 billion in drug costs each year in the United States.
reveals. This situation is not very different in Turkey…
Ear Nose and Throat Specialist Opr. Dr.Yusuf CAN, with a test you can apply to yourself,
It states that you can detect that you are not.

What is Sinusitis?
Sinusitis; is an inflammation of the sinus mucosa. This disease is a sinus disease that connects the sinuses with the inside of the nose.
As a result of their mouths being blocked, it disrupts the aeration of the sinuses and allows bacteria and viruses to settle.
occurs as a result of creating a suitable environment.

Test Yourself for Sinusitis

If you answer yes to three or more of the questions below, you are likely to have sinusitis and such
In this case, it is recommended to go to an otolaryngologist.

Do you have a feeling of pressure, fullness or heaviness in your face?
Is your nose stuffy?
Do you have a dark, yellow-green nasal discharge?
Do you have a nasal discharge?
Do you have a decreased sense of smell?
Do you have a headache?
Do you have a feeling of shortness of breath and cough?
What are the types of sinusitis?
They are examined in two main groups as acute and chronic sinusitis.

Acute sinusitis can happen to every person several times a year. Cold exposure, allergies, environmental pollution, body
It starts with the effect of facilitating factors such as a decrease in resistance. Pressure sensation in the nose, nasal congestion and
manifested by fire. Additional symptoms become evident as treatment is delayed. These complaints are 3 months or more
If it lasts too long, it is called chronic sinusitis.

“Sines” to the cavities found in the bones around the nose and eyes; lining these spaces
Inflammation of the mucosa is called “sinusitis”.
There are around 10-20 large and small sinuses in humans. Each sinus individually or in groups
There are drainage channels opening to the nose. The nasal mucosa passing through these channels covers the inside of the sinus.
Under normal conditions, this mucosa produces a clear secretion, just like saliva or tears, and leaves these channels.

It drains into the nose and keeps the respiratory tract moist.

In what situations does sinusitis occur? How does sinusitis occur?
Acute sinusitis typically follows a “cold”, also called a “viral upper respiratory tract infection”.
interest. Swelling in the nasal and sinus mucosa (especially in the drainage canal), the flow of secretions from the sinus to the nose
By blocking it, it causes pooling in the sinus and secondary bacterial infection (sinusitis).
In addition, nasal anatomical features such as nasal polyps, large adenoids, turbinate hypertrophy and septal deviation
disorders, allergies and some hereditary mucosal diseases, mechanical and functional drainage disorder
may cause sinusitis.

What are the symptoms of sinusitis?
Acute sinusitis is typically a prolonged upper respiratory tract infection. lasting more than a week
The vast majority of colds are sinusitis.
Symptoms of sinusitis, nasal congestion, yellow-green nose and postnasal discharge, facial-tooth-eye pain and
is cough.

In children, there may be restlessness, persistent cough and retching due to postnasal drip and vomiting. all age
Groups, slightly less common symptoms, fever, malaise, fatigue, halitosis, smell
decreased sensation, sore throat, sometimes hoarseness. Forehead, which occurs during the course of sinusitis, and
painful swelling in the eye, double vision and general condition deterioration, sinusitis may be a complication.

What are the treatment methods applied to patients with sinusitis? How is sinusitis treated?
In the treatment of sinusitis, the goal is to kill the bacteria that grow in the sinus whose drainage is impaired, and to provide drainage.
sinus cleansing.

In acute sinusitis, antibiotics to kill bacteria and nasal drops to provide drainage,
Some oral nasal decongestants and nasal cleaning may be sufficient.

In chronic and recurrent sinusitis, it is aimed to turn to anatomical and functional disorders in the nose.
required.
This is usually an operation. A sinus tomography must be performed before the decision of surgery.
The pathology and pathologies that cause sinusitis should be detected correctly.

Is surgery the solution?
Is there a possibility of recurrence of sinusitis after surgery? What are the risks of the surgery?

Not every sinusitis is operated. The vast majority of acute sinusitis respond well to drug therapy. Modern
sinus surgery is not operated. The pathology that disrupts the drainage of the sinus is operated. Recurrent
In nasal polyps, if the polyp reoccurs after surgery, sinusitis may also occur.

What are the issues that patients with sinusitis should pay attention to?

Patients with sinusitis should be protected from viral diseases such as colds and flu. These types of factors
The flu vaccine can be tried, as it is difficult to protect yourself. Allergy control in those with allergic rhinitis (hay fever)
should be below. Contrary to what is known, headache after going out with wet hair is more common than sinusitis.
It is neuralgia or muscle tension pain caused by cold skin. However, the upper respiratory tract
Being cold during infection facilitates the formation of sinusitis. Patients with recurrent sinusitis
It is inconvenient to enter the pool.

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