What is sinus?
We call the air-filled bone cavities surrounding the nasal cavity as sinuses.
What is Sinusitis?
Sinusitis is an infection or inflammation of the sinuses. A typical case of acute sinusitis occurs when a large amount of mucus is secreted as a result of a cold or an allergic attack. The mucous membranes may swell so much that the small channels of the sinuses close. If the air and mucus cannot move freely between the nose and the sinuses, the mucus accumulates in the sinuses and causes the pressure to increase. Depending on which sinus is affected, pain occurs on the face or forehead, between or behind the eyes, in the cheeks and upper teeth. In cases where the sinus outlet is closed for a long time, chronic sinusitis develops. Headache is rare, but discharge and bad odor persist. As a result of excessive inflammation, formations called polyps develop. Some cases of sinusitis occur as a result of the infection in the upper tooth passing into the sinus.
Is Sinusitis Dangerous?
The vast majority of sinusitis cases respond to medical treatment and are not dangerous. However, an infection inside the sinus is very close to both the eye and the brain. It is possible, though rare, for the infection to spread to the eye or brain. Thus, sinusitis; exacerbate or cause bronchitis, chronic cough or asthma.
How Is Sinusitis Treated?
Infections may require antibiotic treatment or surgical intervention, sometimes both. Acute sinusitis usually responds to antibiotic therapy, whereas chronic sinusitis usually requires surgical intervention. Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS), which has been applied in recent years, is an important technique applied in the solution of these diseases. The results are quite successful. If the symptoms are due to allergy, migraine or another reason similar to sinusitis, your doctor will apply an alternative treatment plan.
How is the Treatment of Nasal Polyps?
First of all, the cause should be treated. For this purpose, cortisone treatment under the control of a doctor, and antibiotic treatment in the presence of sinusitis are performed. Surgery is used when medical treatment is insufficient. Nasal endoscopes and cameras and imaging techniques are used in surgery.