Sex Education in Preschool Period

Sex education covers a period from birth to adolescence. The age to start sexual education should neither be too early nor too late.

The child’s interest in sexual matters is appropriate and healthy, just like his other curiosities. It stems from the need to know the world. Children often ask about the differences between the sexes and how they came into the world. Giving evasive answers to these questions, getting angry with the child, and reacting by saying that these issues are “shameful and sinful” will cause the child not to ask these questions to his parents again, and to try to find the answers elsewhere.

There is no need to give detailed information about sexual education. It is a wrong attitude to transfer all the information to the child and prevent him/her from asking other questions just because the child asked. The level of knowledge to be given according to each age period is different. It is enough to explain in a few sentences at a young age. As the age gets older, the information can be a little more detailed.

It is appropriate to give sexual information to the girl by the mother and to the boy by the father.

In order to give information, it is necessary to wait for the child to ask questions. Children usually start asking questions at the age of 3-4 years. Ignoring the questions he asks, not answering or having difficulty speaking will make the child even more curious and worried. A simple, short, truthful and worry-free answer should be given to the child at any time. Children may forget this information. For this reason, the same answers should be given again when they are asked. Children’s confidence is also supported when they get the correct answer. When you do not feel enough about the answer, it is appropriate to get help from an expert by saying that it will be explained as soon as possible. Children who are knowledgeable about sexuality often do not practice it. They just pass it off with games. However, they can increase their interest in the face of the reactions of parents and the environment. The adult’s changing attitude and complex responses undermine the child’s confidence. Failure to provide information to the child may cause him to acquire incorrect information.

Questions about pregnancy and childbirth should be answered carefully. It is better for the mother to inform about this. It is more appropriate to give information about motherhood rather than the pain experienced in questions about birth.

Sometimes children want to see their parents’ bodies. This is natural. In this case, attitudes such as rejection and scolding should be avoided. These attitudes cause the child to feel guilty. Care should be taken not to walk around naked in front of children, and if the child suddenly enters the room, dressing should be continued as normal without reacting.

In the first year after birth, the first sexual feelings of the baby occur during bathing and changing the diaper. The pressure and movement of the diaper in the genital area causes the baby to enjoy it. The baby may accidentally touch his genitals and want to relive the pleasure. This behavior of babies is natural, normal and healthy. Sex education starts at this point. During toilet training, attention turns to the genitals again.

Questions about the gender difference in the child begin at the age of 2, while those about the birth begin at the age of 3-4 years. It is enough to say that boys and girls are created differently to questions about gender differences, and that girls are different from boys in order to become mothers when they grow up.

For the questions about where babies come from, it is explanatory information for the child to say that there is a warm place for the baby to grow in the mother’s womb, and to the questions about birth, the baby can easily come out of a hole in the mother because she is very small.

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