SEPTUM DEVIATION (Intranasal Curvature)

What is septum deviation?

Septum deviation is a term used to describe curvatures in the nasal pole or midline. This structure, which is normally straight and divides the nasal cavity into two as right and left, can be bent due to birth or subsequent traumas. Nasal meat, nasal bone, cartilage terms are other names used among the people.

What causes septum deviation?

Septum deviation is thought to occur as a result of the mother’s exit from the birth canal after birth or due to subsequent traumas.

In whom is septum deviation suspected?

A detailed ENT examination is required in people with nasal congestion, difficulty in breathing through the nose, snoring, mouth breathing, frequent history of sinusitis, headache, impaired sense of smell, and sleep disorders, since septum deviation may be present.

How is the diagnosis of septum deviation made?

Patients with the above-mentioned complaints should be examined for septum deviation. With the endoscopic examination of the inside of the nose, the diagnosis of septum deviation and nasal obstruction can be made easily and accurately.

How is septum deviation treated?

Septum deviation is a disease that can be treated surgically. Curvatures in the bone and cartilage structures in the midline of the nose can be surgically corrected. This surgery is called septoplasty. Septoplasty surgery can be performed both with the patient completely anesthetized and locally anesthetized. After the operation, which takes 30-45 minutes under normal conditions, unbuffered or simple, small tampons are placed. In previous years, long cloth tampons in the form of strips placed inside the nose are no longer used. For this reason, septoplasty operations are not as difficult and painful as it used to be.

Will the nasal bone grow back after septoplasty?

After the surgery performed properly, the curved nasal bone and cartilage do not grow again. The success of septoplasty surgery is around 85%.

What will happen after the surgery?

It is not a necessity to use tampons after the surgery. Since self-absorbing sutures are used, there is no need to take stitches, and the post-operative dressing and care of the patient has become much easier. In the early period of the surgery, some leakage from the nose in the first 2 days and nasal congestion in the first 7 days are expected. After this operation, which does not require hospitalization, patients can return to work in a few days.

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