Septum Deviation

The septum is the partition that divides the nasal cavity into two equal parts. Cartilage anteriorly and bone posteriorly
Happened. The curvature of the septum is called septum deviation. The most important part of the roof of the nose
In addition to being supportive, it also plays a very important role in regulating nasal airflow.
Septum deviation is one of the most common pathological conditions in ENT practice. In recent years
With the development of endoscopes, it is possible to better recognize the inside of the nose and therefore the septum diseases.
allowed.

The deviation may occur in bone, cartilage, or both. The most important cause of septum deviation
blows to the nose area. At birth or at young ages when the development of the nose is accelerated
The blows taken prepare the ground for deviation. Your nose is under pressure in the birth canal during childbirth
deviation or exposure to forceps trauma may cause deviation. occur in adulthood
Traumas cause fractures inside the nose as well as outside. Apart from trauma, genetics and
Environmental factors are effective in the formation of septum deviation. Especially at the back of the nose.
There are studies showing that the deviations of bone structure are due to genetic factors.

The most prominent complaint of the patient in septum deviation is nasal congestion. The curvature is usually unilateral.
If the curved part is in contact with the side wall of the nose and the concha, headaches may occur due to this contact.
Due to the irregular air flow due to the deviation of the normally moist nasal cover (mucosa)
may dry out, crust over, and bleed. The windows of the sinuses opening to the nose are due to deviation.
can become blocked and therefore sinusitis may develop. Intranasal meatus may expand on the nasal side without deviation
and can cause a runny nose. Even though there is no deviation, nasal congestion may begin on that side as well.

Throat infections are more common in people with nasal congestion. The reason for this is especially
It is caused by sleeping with your mouth open at night. Diagnosis is made by examination. The place of deviation in treatment
and width is important. The surgery can be performed under local or general anesthesia. Normally the nose
Since it completes its development around the age of 18, it is appropriate to do it after this age. Postoperative
There is no swelling and bruising on the face.

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