Old age, which is one of the important stages of life, is a progressive and general loss that is seen first in functional reserve capacity and then in functional structure. When does aging begin? The correct answer, I think, starts with birth. With the birth, the development of the body continues in the individual, and at the same time, aging accompanies. Functional capacity increases continuously in the first years of life and reaches its maximum level in adolescence and young ages. Decreased functional capacity, on the other hand, is a physiological process that continues throughout life in old age, which begins to show itself with the thirties. In this process, the biochemical composition of the tissues changes, the response to the changes in the organism decreases and the adaptive capacity decreases. Aging is not a disease. Psychologically, old age begins with the disappearance of spiritual excitement. The aging process is slow as the excitement about life continues. As aging accelerates, the risk of disease development and thus the death rate increases.
The OLD MAN is a person who has reached the last stages of his life, the capacity of his vital functions has decreased, and his relationship with the environment has begun to become difficult. Today, old age and old age are increasing rapidly. The rate of aging has also increased in our country. The old age of the society is defined according to the rate over 65 years of age in the society. If 7% of the population is under the age of 65, it is called the young population. If 14% of the population is over the age of 65, we are talking about an elderly society. In addition, the transition period from the young population to the elderly population is also important. While these periods are around 100 years in developed countries, they are shorter in undeveloped and developing countries. For example, while aging is 115 years in France, it is 27 years for China and 21 years for Tunisia. It is estimated that these values will be similar in our country. The increase in the elderly population has accelerated in Turkey. Life expectancy has increased in our country.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has made sub-definitions for the elderly population. The age of 65 generally accepts the onset of old age. WHO defines 65-74 years old as “young”, 75-84 years old as “middle”, and over 85 years old as “advanced”. He calls those who are over 100 years old as “centenarians”. Today, we have over 5000 “centenarians” in Turkey.
Besides the chronological age, it is the biological age that is actually important. The important thing here is not the date of birth, but the state of being affected by the organs and tissues. While in the past, only the age of birth was taken into account in the treatment processes, today’s life expectancy and biological status have begun to be taken into account. Biological aging can be delayed by people’s education, diet, exercise and sports. Population of healthy elderly people in developed countries and
The social impact is increasing due to the increase in the elderly population. Old age should be taken into account in cases such as participation in the workforce, illness, nutrition, medicine, immigration, tourism, education and international relations. It may be possible to increase access to health, improve physical conditions, increase social solidarity, ensure a healthy life for the elderly population and reduce the burden on society.