Selection of Toothbrush

Unless your dentist recommends otherwise, the toothbrush should be made of medium-hard, at least 3 rows of nylon bristles with rounded ends.

It is possible to make a more detailed and good brushing with small-headed brushes.

The brush handle and the head with the bristles should be parallel to each other.

The brush needs to be replaced when the bristles become slanted towards the ends. (average 3 months) . If this tilt occurs within 1 month, it means that you are brushing by pressing more than necessary.

Toothbrushes should be stored in such a way that they dry in a short time and do not come into contact with other brushes.

sodas (orange juice, lemon, cola drinks etc.) Teeth should not be brushed within 30 minutes after taking it, or acidic beverages should be avoided for 30 minutes after brushing teeth. Acidic drinks dissolve the protective layer formed on the teeth by disrupting the PH balance of the saliva.

Tooth Brushing Method

The aim is to remove food residues from all surfaces on the teeth, gums and tongue. For an effective cleaning, it should not be done randomly.

Most people start brushing from the front teeth, which is the biggest mistake.

  • The back teeth are the most difficult to clean due to their indented and protruding surfaces, the front teeth only bite and are easy to clean because their surfaces are flat.
  • For these reasons, all lower and upper molars should be cleaned, starting from the upper jaw and posterior teeth, and then the front teeth should be moved.
  • Squeezing a pea-sized amount of paste on a medium-hard brush is sufficient.
  1. Brushing is started by applying very gentle pressure, provided that half of the brush is on the gingiva and half on the teeth.
  2. Small circular vibration movements are made without moving the brush.
  3. After spreading the toothpaste on the teeth, a downward sweeping motion is made on the upper jaw and upwards on the lower jaw.
  4. Then, by advancing the brush one length, all surfaces of the teeth are cleaned.
  5. Never press too hard, otherwise the threads will be worn.

There are tiny hairs on the tongue, like the hairs of the carpet, and food residues accumulate between them. Even if you brush your teeth, these residues stick to the teeth again during speaking and swallowing. For this reason, the tongue should be cleaned like brushes with the serrated surface behind the bristles.

In the same way, food residues can hold in thin layers in the places we call fixed gums on the inside of the lips and cheeks. With mouth movements, these residues can come back to the teeth. The mouth should be rinsed with plenty of water after displacing these residues as if by massaging, without irritating with the tip bristles of the brush.

Floss Use

It may not be possible to clean the bacterial plaque from the interfaces by brushing. Dental floss is used for this.

Two hand-held dental floss is placed between the two teeth, guided by the index and thumb. The thread is moved downwards by leaning against the tooth on one side. Then, the interfaces of all teeth are cleaned by leaning against the other tooth at the same interval and moving it downwards.

Oral Care Brushing twice in the morning after breakfast and before going to bed in the evening; dental floss is applied every two days.


  • When brushing teeth, the brush should not be pressed too much.
  • A hard brush should be used for healthy gums and a soft brush should be used for bleeding gums.
  • Gums should also be massaged to help blood circulation while brushing.
  • Toothpaste should not be used too much. Excessive use of paste melts the gums.

Why Do Teeth Decay?

Bacterial plaque consisting of bacteria in the mouth can form acid from the residues of sugary and floury foods in the mouth. These acids dissolve the mineral tissue of the teeth, causing the enamel to deteriorate, resulting in the onset of tooth decay and cavities that dentists call cavities.

For many years, dental caries, which was regarded as an unknown disease, is now “multi-cause disease” it turned out to be. There are 3 main causes of tooth decay:

  • bacterial plaque (Also called dental plaque)
  • carbohydrate foods (such as sugar, flour…)
  • Acid drinks ( cola, juice, soda…)
  • Intrinsic factors ( The structure of the tooth. like the composition of saliva…)

If one of these factors changes in a person with balanced dental health, caries will occur.

What Are the Symptoms of Caries?

A rotten and hollow tooth is easily recognized by its dark cavity. But sometimes the caries pit remains hidden and the dentist can only use ancillary diagnostic tools. (such as a dental x-ray)can diagnose.

Most of the time, caries is seen at the intersection of the tooth tubercles, that is, the bumps, or in the neck of the tooth. Hidden caries between two teeth are not noticed for a long time. In this type of bruises “… I thought I had a stone in my tooth while I was eating dinner, and then I looked, a piece of my tooth is in my mouth…”We often hear it said.

Pain is the most important symptom that requires consulting a dentist in dental caries. Pain can be cold, hot, sweet or sour. The intensity of the pain varies from person to person and when the factor is removed, the pain goes away; but in untreated bruises, the pain starts to be continuous after a while.

How Does Tooth Decay Progress?

Caries always starts from the surface of the tooth and progresses to the dentin layer. Dentin contains more organic matter than enamel. For this reason, caries spreads more quickly in this layer and pierces the dentin like a screw; However, the rate of progression of caries varies greatly from person to person and from tooth to tooth.

Another point that should not be forgotten is that dentin is a defense organ of the tooth. In the dentin, there are production and repair cells called odontoblasts at the ends of the canals described in the previous section, and these can clog the carious dentin with repair tissue.

Just like the defenders of a besieged castle repair the breaches opened with cannonballs… This spontaneous defense can sometimes be insufficient in the face of rapidly advancing decay.

Who Gets More Caries?

Since cavities occur as a result of the meeting of bacteria with sugary and floury foods, there is a danger for everyone.

However, those who have a high percentage of carbohydrate and sugary foods in their diets and those who have a very low fluoride content in their water are at much more risk of caries.

Although saliva creates a natural defense mechanism against the acid produced by the bacterial plaque, it cannot prevent caries on its own.

Diseases or drugs that reduce the flow and amount of saliva also accelerate the formation of caries. For this reason, dentists often recommend sugar-free gums as they increase saliva flow. Zinc-containing gums are also helpful in reducing bad breath.

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