Sebaceous Gland Diseases

Sebaceous Gland Diseases Various diseases occur due to the under-functioning of the sebaceous glands, excessive sebum production and inflammation.


It is a skin disease that occurs when the sebaceous glands work less than normal. It can often be seen with old age, hypothyroidism and another disease.

The skin is flaky and dry. Decrease in skin elasticity, softness and loss of resistance develops. In this type of skin, there is a decrease in acid mantle production due to the decrease in sebum production, and the skin loses its oil. These skins age earlier and lose their water. Oil-based products should be used. Itching and cracks occur on such skin, especially in cold weather.


It is the sebaceous glands producing too much sebum. Sebum and keratin completely cover the inside of the oil follicles.

The pores in the skin are clogged. The tendency to acne increases. Especially during adolescence, the sebaceous glands overwork as a result of hormonal activity. This type of skin is oil free (water based)should be cleaned frequently and correctly with products, pores should be (of the skin) should open. Oily products and powders that can clog pores should never be used and care should be taken for antisepsis.

Acne Comedones

It is formed as a result of sebum and keratin filling inside the oil follicles. The sebum and keratin in the part of the sebaceous follicle that opens to the outside acquire a grayish black color as a result of the oxidation of the air.

Not infected. It can be squeezed out, but there is a danger that the blocked plug will be pushed into the follicle during tightening. During this period, there is a risk of scarring and infection on the skin.

Acne Vulgaris

It is an inflammatory disease caused by sebum and keratin filling the oil follicles. It continues with the appearance of blackhead papules and lozenges.

Bacteria infect the sebum and cause inflammation. The red papules then turn into yellow-headed lozenges. If the oil follicle exit is closed, the newly produced sebum does not come out, it is pushed deeper. This causes the progression of cystic structures and infection. Traces, pits and bumps may remain on the skin. This spoils the appearance of the skin. It should never be squeezed, the skin should be freed from oil. Products that close the pores should not be used, water-based products should be preferred and antiseptic solutions should be used. Acne vulgaris is more common with puberty due to increased sebum as a result of hormonal activity and may continue until the age of thirty. Although many factors are effective as the cause of acne vulgaris, four main factors are important.

  1. Overworking of the sebaceous glands as a result of increased sebum production, hormonal activity, or an ailment in the body.

  2. Hypercornification of the duct, increase of keratin scales and adhesion with keratinocyte clogs the pores and follicles in the skin and causes the secretion to be thrown out. The cause is not an infection, but a shortage of linoleic acid.

  3. Microbial flora, beneficial and harmful bacteria in the body are found in a healthy skin. As a result of the deterioration of the skin’s resistance (O2, pressure PH ub), there is a large increase in some bacteria and a decrease in the part. Infection of the sebaceous gland is observed.

  4. Inflammation: Proteolic enzymes produced by bacteria provide cellular migration to the place where the event takes place. And cellular condensation appears at the site of infection.

Other factors in the formation of acne vulgaris

  1. heredity

  2. Diet

  3. menstrual cycle

  4. excessive sweating

  5. Stress

Acne Rosacea

It is a chronic skin disease that affects the nose cheeks and forehead. It is common in fair-skinned and middle-aged women.

It creates symmetrical butterfly shapes on the skin. Initially, erythema or papules form on the facial skin. Persistent erythema, papulpustules, and rodules occur over time. The sebaceous glands are enlarged, the nose may swell. Spicy foods, tea, coffee and alcohol can exacerbate the picture. Salon treatment is not done, it requires medical treatment.

Cyst Sebaceous

It is a slowly growing, benign skin tumor of cystic nature, which is mostly seen on the scalp, ears, face, back, and contains oily material and keratinous. The treatment is surgery.

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