With the development of technology in recent years, the duration of tablet, phone and TV usage of children in our country as well as in the rest of the world is one of the issues that have been questioned by parents as well as by researchers.
Before answering questions such as whether children should spend time on screens such as tablets, phones, TVs, and if so, how much time should they spend, let’s take a look at the studies and statistics in this area;
We see that the first statement regarding the studies conducted with children was made by the American Pediatric Association in 2011. The main point emphasized is that children aged 0-2 should definitely be kept away from the screen. After the age of 2, parental control, interactive and restricted use is recommended. Another study conducted in Canada concluded that prolonged screen exposure may delay the development of language and socialization skills in children aged 1-3. The research conducted on 11,000 children, also conducted by the National Institutes of Health, is still ongoing, but according to the first findings, it is revealed that even less than two hours of screen use negatively affects children’s language and social development.
Children’s exposure to screens such as tablets and phones is increasing day by day in our country. We are socialand Hootsuitprepared annually by Internet and social media statistics“ Digital 2019 in Turkey”In the study published under the title of, the following data on internet and social media usage are included:
59.36 million Internet users, 72% of the population
52 million active social media users, 63% of the population
There are 44 million active mobile social media users, 53% of the population.
In internet usage statistics, we see an increase of 9%, or 5 million, of internet users. (59.3 million internet users)
The number of active social media users has also increased by 2 million. (52 million active social media users)
The number of active mobile social media users is the same as last year.
When we look at the data, we see that a significant part of the population uses the internet and social media and it has increased compared to the previous year. When the situation is divided, it is also important to protect children from media such as phones, tablets and social media.
So, as parents, will we get rid of the internet, TV, tablet and phone, which have become an important part of our lives, a space and tool where we do all our daily work, meet our needs, and socialize (!)? Of course it doesn’t look very realistic. However, it is necessary to introduce various measures and restrictions for children. Although some studies provide data that children are not directly affected by screen use and that different situations can cause this, a significant amount of research reveals that children aged 0-2 with screens have negative effects on language development, socialization and communication skills. Although there are many approaches for children aged 2-5, the common point is that children should not be passively exposed to the screen. In other words, under parental control, a qualified and interactive time can be spent on the screen, and most importantly, this time does not exceed one hour.
Although this period of time gets longer after the age of six, the main point to be considered is; the fact that children do not steal from time periods such as school, homework, sleep, communication and interaction with family and peers. At this point, parents have a great responsibility. As parents, when we ask ourselves the following questions, it will be easier for us to follow a consistent path regarding these limitations or to become aware of the problem;
Do you control the screen time at home?
The program that children watch, follow, etc. am i aware?
Does screen time interfere with other activities the family wants to do?
Does my child experience deprivation during periods of time not on screen?
Does he plan his daily activities based on screen time only?
Does screen time affect sleep?