Last year, Nusret Gökçe’s photo of “salt bae”, in which he sprinkled salt on the meat, made a lot of noise. Unfortunately saltIt is a substance that can be very harmful if used in this way.
Salt… White matter, which has always been popular from the beginning of human history to the present day… In Ancient Rome, legionnaires were paid with salt. One of the important income items of the states has been the salt tax. In those times, when the storage conditions were not like today, salt was also used for food storage and transportation. As you can see, salt is almost as valuable as gold, sometimes even more. But is it the same for our body?
Salt is one of the elements that should be in the diet of all people. The sodium mineral in salt facilitates the transport of nutrients and oxygen, allows the nerves to transmit messages and helps our muscles to work. So how much sodium do we need to take daily to fulfill all these? Less than 500mg per day. That is less than a quarter teaspoon (2.5 grams of salt contains 1 gram of sodium). In addition, the success of a person with healthy kidneys in maintaining the salt that the body needs is flawless. The World Health Organization recommends consuming less than 5 grams, or less than a teaspoon, of salt per day. In our country, the average amount is 3 times this amount, 15 grams.
So what does excess salt intake cause in the body?
Over time, excessive salt intake can cause high blood pressure (hypertension), which hardens and narrows blood vessels. The flow of blood and oxygen to important organs is reduced. So the heart makes more effort to pump blood throughout the body, which increases blood pressure. Increased pressure on the kidneys causes damage to them. Some substances released from damaged kidneys also raise blood pressure even more, causing an intricate chain.
Excess salt consumption increases the risk of heart failure. Independently of this, excessive salt intake in patients with heart failure may cause fluid accumulation in the lungs and respiratory failure. High salt consumption is also harmful for the brain. In a recently completed study, it has been shown that more than normal dietary salt has a detrimental effect on memory and thinking speed.
What should we do to reduce the amount of salt we take?
- We should prepare our meals ourselves as much as possible.
- We should stay away from processed foods.
- We should prepare small portions.
- We should read the product contents from the packages of the foods we buy.
We said that salt is not completely harmful. In cases where there is a lot of soreness and pain in the throat, such as pharyngitis, if you mix half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of water and gargle, you will see that your pain is reduced. Of course, being careful not to swallow the water. 🙂