Root canal treatment is the small, thread-like tissue in the center of the tooth, the pulp. (pulp) is to be removed. When the damaged, diseased or deceased pulp is removed, the remaining space is cleaned, shaped and refilled. With this procedure, the root canal is closed. Years ago, sick or damaged teeth were extracted. Today, even lost teeth can be saved in root canal treatment.
The most common causes of pulp damage are:
- cracked tooth
- deep caries
- Damage to the tooth, such as a serious blow to the tooth in the past or recent.
When the pulp becomes infected or dies, if left untreated, pus can build up at the root of the tooth, forming an abscess in the jawbone. An abscess can destroy the bone surrounding the tooth, causing pain.
How make is root treatment?
Root canal treatment consists of several steps that may require more than one session depending on the situation. These steps are:
- First, a hole is made in the back of the front tooth or in the crown of the molars or premolars.
- After removing the diseased pulp (pulpectomy)The pulp cavity and root canals are cleaned, expanded and shaped for canal filling.
- If more than one session is needed, a temporary filling is applied to the hole in the crown to protect the tooth between sessions.
- The temporary filling is then removed and the pulp cavity and canal are permanently filled. gutta percha (Guta Percha)A tapered, rubbery material called the duct is inserted into each of the channels and is usually cemented. (with adhesive) glued in place. Sometimes a metal or plastic rod can be placed inside the channel for structural support.
- In the last step, a crown is placed on the tooth to restore its natural appearance and shape. If the tooth is broken, post application may be necessary to repair the tooth before placing the crown.
How long can the repaired tooth be used?
Treated and repaired teeth/teeth can be used for a lifetime with correct oral and dental care. Oral care and regular dental examination are necessary to prevent further problems that may occur in the future, as cavities may occur again in the treated tooth.
Since the pulp that keeps the tooth alive no longer exists, the treated tooth becomes brittle and more susceptible to fracture. This is important when deciding whether to apply a crown or filling to the tooth after root canal treatment.
The most used method to check the success or failure of root canal treatment is to compare the X-rays taken before the treatment with the new X-rays. This comparison will show whether bone loss continues or bone remodeling.