Risk-Taking Behaviors of Young People
What is the Risk?
Behaviors and attitudes that harm the health and well-being of young people in any way. Young people think that a cocoon protects them and that risky situations will not harm them. His quest to prove his immortality, his desire to challenge the world, or to be a hero makes him easily engage in risky behavior. He believes that smoking will not harm him, and that he will not become an alcoholic even if he drinks alcohol. Young people with such a structure may engage in risk-taking behaviors on various issues.
What Are the Risk-Taking Behaviors of Young People?
* Smoking, Alcohol and Substance Addiction
* Still Life
* Nutrition habits
* Personal Hygiene
* Unprotected Sex Life
It is the most common risk-taking behavior in young people.
What are the Factors Affecting Smoking, Alcohol and Substance Addiction Behaviors in Young People?
* Familial Factors
* Environmental Factors
* As Individual Factors, we can examine them in three groups:
* Having a parent or sibling who smokes, uses alcohol or drugs,
* Low socioeconomic status,
* Low level of education,
* Encouraging attitudes are effective family factors.
* Friendship smoking, alcohol or substance use
* Cigarette and beer companies targeting young people, sponsoring youth feasts, and also
* Encouraging approaches of advertisements and movies can affect young people and can create cigarette alcohol or substance use behavior.
* Low education level
* Low self-esteem to peer pressure ‘I can’t say no’ influential individual factors. The ability to say no in children and young people is very important in making healthy decisions and creating a strong identity.
* Individuals who are depressed or under stress may prefer smoking or alcohol to cope with their distress. However, especially alcohol will become a source of stress and a problem after a while.
* Sometimes addiction can also occur as a reaction to authority.
* The individuals around whom he takes as a model are smoking or using drugs.
* Willingness to try, curiosity and
* It can also be smoked or used with the aim of providing prestige. Especially in some brands, smoking can be a means of showing that they are rich.
* Perceiving entertainment as brothers with alcohol can also be effective. A structuring that New Year’s and birthday parties must be alcoholic is important in this period.
Individuals at Risk for Alcohol and Substance Addiction
* Presence of an alcoholic or substance abuser
* Broken or unrelated family
* Low socioeconomic level
* Stressful life and difficulty in adapting to society
* Having a serious mental illness or illness
* Exposure to sexual harassment
* Being in a friend group that uses substances can create a risk situation.
Recognizing Young People Using Alcohol and Substances
Being able to recognize young people who use alcohol and drugs is especially important for parents and educators. The points to be considered in order to help the young person are as follows:
* Behavior change, activity change (making unusual friends, changing environment)
* Change in sleep and appetite
* Difficulty concentrating, apathy
* Extreme irritability
* Dry mouth, decrease in saliva
* Difficulty speaking, limp speech
* Imbalance in walking
* Shaking hands
* Making unusual friends
* Change environment
* Avoiding responsibilities
* Excessive spending
* Burn marks on your clothes and bed are among the behaviors that will be a clue.
Accidents and Injuries in Young People
We can consider it in two groups:
* Unintentional Injuries
* Intentional Injuries
* Traffic accidents; not using a seat belt, driving under the influence of alcohol
* Other Vehicle Accidents; Motorcycle, scooter, bicycle
* Sports Injuries
* Violence in the relationship
Risk Factors in Youth Violence
* Familial Factors; The family’s attitudes towards violence and the existence of domestic violence are very important. Moreover,
* Environmental Factors; Having group norms that support violence
* Individual Factors; Personality traits, exposure to violence
* Situational Factors; Easy access to firearms, gang membership
Who Is Suicidal?
* Presence of suicide in the family
* Heavy and humiliating punishments, unrest, pressures in the family
* Depression and mood disorders
* Communication problems
* living alone
* Inability to withstand stress
* Exposure to physical violence or sexual abuse
* Social exclusion, loss of prestige
* Perfectionist structure, high expectations
Intense financial problems
Factors Affecting Nutritional Habits in Young People
* Encouraging approaches of fast food chains to eat plenty of calories
* The mediatic understanding of beauty, which is reduced to centimeters, can put the youth under pressure. Young people who are under pressure may turn to unhealthy magazine diets and enter into an unhealthy weight loss process.
* Eating disorders may occur in the form of not eating or removing food.
Problems Caused by Sedentary Life
Children and young people are drawn into a still life in front of the screen. Meeting with friends in virtual environments, computer games are made attractive. Unhealthy diet and sedentary life can create serious health problems for young people.
Benefits of Physical Activity in Teens
Physical activities can serve multiple purposes.
* Heart health
* Muscle endurance
* Strength of bones
* Losing weight
* Staying in shape
* Coping with stress
* Sense of confidence
Hygiene Problems in Young People
* Lack of awareness of hand washing
* Cleaning after toilet, changing pads frequently during menstrual periods, changing underwear daily is very important and unfortunately it can be neglected during youth.
* Not giving due importance to oral and dental health
* Piercing applications
Problems Caused by Unprotected Sex Life
Studies conducted with young people reveal that there is incomplete and incorrect information about sexual and reproductive health. From the answers given by the young people participating in the research, it was seen that they did not know what sexually transmitted infections are, how they are transmitted, what their symptoms might be and most importantly, how to protect themselves. This subject has been neglected for many years because of the taboo subject of sexuality. Young people and children are almost left alone to be informed. The formation of early puberty and the shift in the age of marriage to later years can create early sexual activity. Along with risk-taking behavior in young people, unprotected or unconscious sexual life can lead to serious problems in this period. Unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections threaten young people.
It is necessary to mobilize all relevant units of the society in order to support young people in coping with these problems, to convey healthy information and to protect them against the risks they may take.