The heart has a natural working principle. In an adult, the heart beats between 60 and 100 beats per minute. Some environmental factors, diseases, hormones, disorders in the nervous system and drugs used can disrupt the normal beat of the heart. If the heart beats fast, slow or irregularly, there is a disease called heart rhythm disorder. When the heart beats faster than normal, it is called tachycardia, and slow beat is called bradycardia.
Symptoms of Rhythm Disorder
If the person has tachycardia, that is, if the heart beats faster than normal, palpitations begin suddenly while at rest. If the heart accelerates during exertion or excitement, this is a normal reflex of the heart; It does not mean rhythm disorder. It may be the body’s response to another underlying disorder. If the heart suddenly beats faster when you are in a calm state (for example, while watching TV), then you may have arrhythmia.
There is also a slow-beating condition of the heart, namely bradycardia. Complaints such as extreme weakness, cramps, fainting, blackouts and excessive sweating may be symptoms of bradycardia.
Rhythm Disorder Diagnosis
The heart has a certain rate of beat. Speeds between 60 and 100 are considered normal. You can easily measure this by applying pressure to your heart rate with your finger, and you can find out how many times your heart beats in a minute. On the other hand, no matter how much the heart beats per minute, there should be a regular interval between two beats. If there is a time irregularity between the beats, it is a heart rhythm disorder.
Measuring the pulse is not sufficient to diagnose arrhythmia. For a definitive diagnosis, it is necessary to apply the test called rhythm holter. Rhythm holter is a device that is attached to the patient and records the rhythm pattern experienced for 24 hours.
Rhythm Disorder Treatment
Rhythm disorder treatment is done for the cause. In other words, the problems that cause rhythm disorders should be treated first. Overworking of the thyroid hormone may cause leakage or narrowing of the heart valve, vascular occlusion, heart failure, anemia, sodium-potassium imbalance, rhythm disturbance. Treating these problems can also treat the rhythm disorder. If treatment could not be provided despite these, or if there is a rhythm disorder independent of these problems, the source of the problem is determined by electrophysiological study, and the region causing the rhythm disturbance in the heart is burned or frozen with ablation.
An adult’s heart rate should be between 60 and 100 beats per minute. If this number falls below 60, it is what we call bradycardia, that is, a slow beat of the heart. If the heart rate drops below 40, there is a dangerous situation. Bradycardia is not a disease to be taken lightly, it must be treated. If not controlled, it can go from fainting spells to heart failure, from heart attack to sudden death.
We said that the heart rate should be between 60-100 in an adult, and bradycardia is in question when it is below 60. If the pulse rate rises above 100, this time the situation we call tachycardia, that is, “fast beating of the heart” occurs. The cause of tachycardia can be related to diseases of the heart valve, as well as factors such as stress, insomnia, caffeine consumption, smoking and alcohol use.