Research methods in female infertility

As in the definition of infertility, research can be started in couples who cannot conceive after 1 year of unprotected intercourse. Although a simple spermiogram examination is sufficient in men, the research can be more comprehensive and more troublesome because various factors may cause it in women.
Hormonal tests to be done should be done on the 3rd day of menstruation, these are FSH, LH Estradiol, prolactin, progesterone thyroid hormones.
Apart from these, the tests to be done are primarily the blood groups of the couple, hepatitis markers (HbsAg, AntiHbs, AntiHCV, AntiHIV), Rubella and toxoplasma antibodies and complete blood count.
Egg follow-up with ultrasonography can be performed at certain day intervals after obtaining information about the existing ovarian reserve on the 3rd day of menstruation, whether the use of auxiliary drugs is given or not.
Saline infusion sonography (SIS)
It is an imaging method accompanied by ultrasonography that allows the detection of adhesions, space-occupying lesions such as polyps and fibroids by injecting fluid into the uterus.
Hysterosalpingography (medicated uterine film)
It is an important imaging method that shows intrauterine and tubular pathologies (occlusion, adhesions, space-occupying lesions) and guides diagnosis and treatment. 8-12 of your period. should be done between During the procedure, groin pain may be felt due to the increase in intrauterine pressure. It is performed under general anesthesia when necessary.
Hysteroscopy and Laparoscopy
Hysteroscopy is an operative imaging method that enables the observation of the inside of the uterus and the inside of the abdomen with the help of an optical device, the detection of anatomical disorders, and, when necessary, both as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool.
Unexplained infertility, intra-abdominal adhesions, ovarian cysts, endometrioma, fibroids are conditions that can be diagnosed and treated with laparoscopy.

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