Remedies for foot bone enlargement

Hallux valgus, which manifests itself with swelling and protrusion in the big toe, worries women especially from an aesthetic point of view. However, aside from the fact that this protrusion and swelling negatively affect the aesthetic appearance; If left untreated, it can cause serious pain and foot problems that can lead to surgery.

POINT TOE AND HEELED SHOES CAN TRIGGER YOUR DISEASE

Hallux valgus; It is a disease that affects the joint between the 1st toe and the 1st metatarsal bone. This swelling and protrusion in the joint is called “bunion”. In fact, this is the painful protrusion and deformity of the big toes, which is predominantly seen in women and negatively affects social life. This deformity has a more complex structure than swelling and protrusion.

This disease is not found in cultures that do not wear shoes. While it is seen in 40 percent of women; There is a genetic predisposition as high as 70%. It is frequently seen in women who wear heels and pointed-toed shoes for many years. Wide shoes that provide plenty of room for the toes reduce the chance of developing this deformity; If the bunion has developed, it also helps in reducing the discomfort associated with it.

IT CAN SHOW ITSELF WITH UNBEATABLE PAINS

Hallux; The medical term for the 1st finger and valgus is an anatomical term expressing that the deformity is directed outward from the midline. Therefore, hallux valgus; It is an orthopedic disorder in which the big toe is directed towards the outer side of the foot. If this deformity becomes severe; Secondary changes occur that increase the standing problem. First, redness and swelling develop in that area. As time passes, the tissue here thickens and a larger protrusion forms, causing the shoe to rub.

Many foot problems are caused by abnormal pressure and friction. As time passes, complaints arise because the skin and soft tissue are trapped between the hard bone inside and the hard shoe outside. Any protrusion in the bone will make the situation worse. The skin responds to constant pressure and friction by creating a “callus tissue”. The underlying soft tissue responds by thickening. These structures cause pain in the patient. To reduce this pain, it is necessary to reduce the pressure. This is possible by reducing the pressure created by the shoe from the outside or by surgically removing the bony prominence inside.

Complaints due to hallux valgus; It is usually on the protrusion called the bunion. The bunion is painful. Serious hallux valgus deformity also causes cosmetic problems. Especially female patients have difficulty in finding suitable shoes for their feet. As the deformity increases, the second toe rises up and is exposed to pressure and friction in the shoe, causing pain in the patients.

MUST SEE AN ORTHOPEDIC SPECIALIST

The diagnosis is made after a careful, detailed history and clinical examination. Information about the patient’s shoe choices is obtained. Foot x-rays are taken. The angles between the bones are measured by your doctor, which helps in determining the method of treatment with X-rays. Hallux valgus treatment; It starts with the selection and wearing of shoes suitable for the foot. In the early stages of the disease, replacing pointed shoes with wide-fronted shoes can reduce the patient’s complaints. Wide shoes are helpful in reducing pain by reducing the pressure on the bunion. In addition, it can be aimed to reduce pressure and pain with bunion pad and interdigital rollers.

DEFINITE RESULTS CAN BE OBTAINED WITH THE SURGICAL METHOD

If all non-surgical methods cannot relieve the patient’s pain or if the disease is diagnosed at an advanced stage, surgical treatment options are considered. More than 100 methods have been described in hallux valgus surgery. The main of these methods are:

Bunionectomy (Bunion removal): If hallux valgus is in the early stage, only bunion removal may be effective. With the incision made over the bunion, the protruding bone tissue below is cut with suitable orthopedic material. The bone is shaved.

Metatarsal Osteotomy (correction of the bone): Generally, bunionectomy alone is not sufficient to correct the deformity in hallux valgus surgery. Metatarsal osteotomy (correction of the comb bone with incisions) surgeries may be necessary. An incision is made in the bone; The angle that creates the deformity in the bone and joint is corrected. Patients are followed up with bandage or plaster treatment after surgery. The patient, who stands up with crutches on the first day after the surgery, is walked.

It is not allowed to step on the operated foot. Stitches are removed on the 15th day of the surgery. Control graphs are taken. If there is bone union in 6 weeks, metal nails are removed and the patient is allowed to press. This healing process of about 6 weeks should be considered as a minor problem alongside your big complaints such as the negative effects of the disease in your social life and pain all the time.

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