REASONS FOR FAMILY THERAPY

Family therapy differs from group and individual counseling depending on the condition of its clients. For example; individual
Counseling generally focuses on clients’ personal problems and their solutions, i.e. individuals’ internal
focuses on intrapersonal dynamics. focuses. Group counseling is the gathering of more than one individual.
It is a process where people come and have more interpersonal relationships. has. However, the group
Employees enter counseling with their common problems. On the other hand, family therapy makes changes
It focuses on the whole life system, aiming to change the structure of the family
affects the whole. In other words, approaches used in family therapy; both the internal dynamics of the individual and
focuses on interpersonal relationships and systems. Family therapy also provides new ways and methods,
influenced by the productivity and innovation of mental health professionals. Family therapy, broad to the therapist
It provides room for action, allowing it to find unique ways of identifying problems.

While some family therapy theories are similar, many are different.

One of the reasons for family therapy is that the family is at the root of the growing difficulties in life.
is to be believed. Therefore, family members are interrelated, and family members’ situations affect other family members.
and it can affect the whole family positively or negatively.

Therapeutically working with families has proven efficacy in treatment. Research, various family therapy
shows that their models/approaches are as effective as other forms of psychotherapy.
Studies conducted among clients also show that clients receive from marriage and family therapists.
they are very satisfied with the services and that family therapy can be used as substance abuse, alcoholism
They also state that it is effective in the treatment of ailments. In other words, clients expect
they get help. However, in addition to family therapy, severe and chronic mental health problems such as bipolar disorder,
It is not sufficient and effective in the treatment of ailments.

REASONS TO WORK WITH FAMILIES INSTEAD OF WORKING WITH INDIVIDUALS

One of the advantages of family therapy is; The therapist works with the family to better understand cause-effect relationships and problems.
it is easier to see all the confusion by looking at it from a wide frame.

Family therapy involves important people in the client’s life. The therapist, who is in the problem,
works directly with people who share the problem.

In family therapy, a single message can be shared with the whole family at the same time. family
to enable its members to work together within this problem. In addition, family therapy family is also hidden.
It aims to provide open communication within the family by revealing the information.

One of the important advantages of family therapy is to be effective in a shorter time than individual counseling.
fulfilling its purpose. Reports by family therapists also include only a few sessions with a family.
were found to be working.

In family therapy, it has been determined that some approaches are effective according to the situation. Most research
When we look at it, family therapy shows changes that involve families and family members all.
we see. It can be said that other therapists are not assertive in this regard.

ETHICAL ISSUES IN FAMILY THERAPY

Professional issues in family therapy are most concerned with ethics, law, and identity. helping family
connection between considering professional issues and choosing the treatment procedure
has. Ethical and legal factors are the basis of therapeutic interpretations. However, professional matters
draws less attention than therapeutic issues. Because professional issues are more fundamental. Professional
topics are discussed more mechanically and less relevant to what we find interesting in therapy.
they are attractive. Ethical guidelines, legal standards, and corporate decrees are essentially prose and are to be read.
They are not attractive and obvious. So far these codes, guidelines, associations have been at the heart of professional family therapy.
has created. The criticism of family therapy around these issues has been well received by the public and clinicians.
understood.

Family therapists in knowledge and follow-up on legal, ethical, and professional identity issues
they must be vigilant. If they don’t, the result may be well-intentioned but harmful clinical or personal actions.
The family is a system, so family therapy is also within the domain of this system. Family therapists to stay healthy,
they and their colleagues adhere to appropriate practices and legal situations, ethical codes for high standards
they must comply. They have strong identities as family therapists. enriching them professionally.
and have a membership in the feeding institutions. For the memories of colleagues and for themselves, family
therapists can deal with professional issues.

OVERVIEW OF FAMILY THERAPY AND FAMILY ETHICS

Human experiences are moral enterprises. Ethics, the rights that come from individuals and families
moral principles that decide for its realization. Family and society relationship ethics (relationship ethics)
managed by. There are 2 basic principles on the basis of this ethics;

Equitability: “everyone is entitled to his/her interests fairly from a multicultural perspective.
tries to win”.
Caring or moral development and principles are central to social relations and solidarity.
idea.
Family therapy first believes that practitioners, theories, and practices are worthless to include families.
developed in an atmosphere they believed in. The resulting state of neutrality means that working with families
of the ethical principle by family therapists on formal or informal basis in the mid-1960s.
It means that it is discussed as infrequently as it is. Feminist critiques of family therapy, especially family
It has shaken this field in terms of values ​​and ethics in terms of the responsibilities of violence. Practitioners are certain
or have come to understand that every aspect of nature is about values, i.e. therapeutic decisions.
It was not ethically neutral, nor could it be.

Known values ​​and ethics are about helping the main idea.(????) Ethical decision when doing family therapy
There are still many uncertainties about giving. Because making ethical decisions is not easy. What is the therapist
When confronted with an ethical dilemma, it usually takes 2 or more times to make 2 or more rational decisions.
has “good reason”. If these dilemmas are complex, if the clinicians are absolutely sure, they are on the path they have chosen.
They are carelessly making a big mistake.

Despite historical conflicts and current reality, the field of ethics; It is the basic part of the framework of family treatment.
This should be carefully considered, as there is an inherent ethical dimension in all forms of therapy. matters
To complicate matters further, family therapists confront the potential ethical conflicts of all kinds of therapists.
For example, in family therapy, the relationship between family members is often taken into account for the client. Of course,
there is more than one person in the relationship, and in order to progress in therapy, the therapist must help some people, unlike the majority,
Informed consent of individuals with conflicting feelings and behaviors and separate needs
should be.

Ethical and effective family therapists should be aware of values ​​within theory while serving families.
Family therapists should know the current ethical codes in order to be professional and review the codes in the process.
They should be actively engaged in making recommendations. Clinicians are thoughtful and flexible in doing so
they should be.

ETHICS AND VALUES

Ethical decision making is based on recognizing and understanding values. A value (value) is the “most of a set of selections”.
Ranking from most preferred to least preferred. There are basically 4 value fields and each
affect each other. These; family, personal, political/social and highest. Family therapy, theoretically and clinically
It is accepted that there is a diverse set of values ​​known as the basis for being professional.

Effective therapists are based on personal values, client-family values ​​and theoretical values ​​that affect the therapeutic process.
become aware of the difficulties. Therapists must first examine their own values. The therapist’s age, marital
status, gender, ethical origin, religion, social and cultural structure, etc. affect the therapist’s values. For example; youth,
single, Catholic, Latino male family therapist comes from a rich background and has diverse values.
From an elderly, divorced Native American family can come 2 adults who have spent most of their lives poor.

One way to reveal personal values ​​and understand ethical decision making is the ethical genogram.
This variant of genogram helps to consider how to root family members for difficult ethical decision making.
focuses. A therapist’s parents may have been lax, or rigid in their interpretation of right and wrong behavior.
it may have happened. Such situations may play a role, for better or for worse, in the therapist’s current ethical decision making.
can play. Family therapists are concerned about their own values, how those values ​​come to them, and how
If they are aware of how they are different and similar to others, they will be able to work more effectively and ethically with families.
they are suitable.

Next, the therapist looks at the values ​​of the client-families. Studies show that family values—especially different
shows diversity across cultures. In families, members’ personal, political and social values
affects various aspects. Values ​​inherited from the family also have an effect on families. with families
their values ​​must be tested from a systems perspective, that is, the values ​​of family members
Look at how it affects the family as a whole. Such a perspective confuses the issue of values;
but it also puts values ​​in a realistic framework and puts their operation into a dynamic enterprise.
translates. If therapists and their client-families differ from each other in the core values ​​they advocate
If they have separate values, there is a need for negotiation between them or between someone who takes their place.
it could be.

Finally, when explaining values, therapists connect theory and processes and accept their results.
they do. In this last area, the ethical issues of family therapies are addressed, highlighted,
It is associated with values ​​that are reinforced and need to be changed.

Some family therapists put helping families clear their symptoms at the center of their treatment. Others,
focuses on creating a new structure or boundary. Some are rooted in individuals’ families.

It aims to help them differentiate or produce new solutions.

Uninformed practitioners (therapists) try to deny the nature and even importance of values. Others
in an effort to use therapy as a challenge to reconsider their favorite values.
is found. Both approaches are fraught with flaws and potential dangers. Consequently, for the values ​​of others
respect and value; is the dominant force behind the guidance of ethical behavior and family therapy.

HOW DO VALUES AFFECT ETHICAL PRACTICES?

All ethical issues are based on values, decision making and all related to social rights and obligations.
Values ​​appear inevitably in ethical decisions.

In family therapy, some therapists use the individual therapeutic approach in the presence of the family or the family.
work with their members individually. This type of individualized treatment raises a value and ethical question because,
The problems of the family in such an arrangement are not seen from their general condition as a whole. Conclusion
Recommendations for the renewal of the family’s way of communication, taking into account all the complexity of the situation,
does not contain. Because such an approach is limited, scarce, and has no value. It may not even be ethical. Because,
Research has shown an association between individual therapy for married people and the complexity of the marital relationship.

Family therapists should be ethically honest with clients, clients’ choices and prejudices.
and clearly inform about their professional judgment. Values ​​accepted by the family therapist, their
It directly affects clinical applications and results.

RESOURCES THAT GUIDE YOU IN MAKE ETHICAL DECISIONS

In order to guard against making unethical decisions, family therapists should consider which values ​​are relevant.
can use several sources and models from the moment he realizes it. The most common and common way of making ethical decisions
There are 5 ways that are useful;

Corporate Ethics Codes,
Educational Resources,
Professional Consultation,
Interacting with Colleagues and Supervisors
Importance of Meta-ethical Principles.
Ethical Codes

The primary source that family therapists will use when making ethical decisions is institutional ethical codes. “Ethical codes

It was established to prevent what could happen, not what will happen.

Topics covered by ethical codes; confidentiality, client responsibility, professionalism,
honesty, evaluation, economic regulation, research and publication, supervision and social
includes statements. In these and other areas, family therapists face many ethical dilemmas. common
Most ethical considerations are that a family treats the whole family, is up-to-date on new treatment developments,
They are those who see their member alone and share values ​​with their clients.

Unfortunately, there are few specific codes of ethics that direct family therapists what to do and how.
There are behavioral guidelines. As a result, family therapists may also make unethical decisions,
because therapists may act on sensations that “other practitioners have done this.” your ethical codes
boundaries, especially secondary roles of the therapist that are not based on reciprocity, such as friend or work relationship
efforts on complex issues such as dual or multiple relationships
occurs when it is spent. Deciding on the best course of action by simply reading the ethical codes
It can be difficult for experienced therapists as well as beginning therapists.

Educational Resources

The second resource that family therapists will use when making ethical decisions is; are educational tools. best educational
one of the sources; Case history-case studies specifically associated with family therapy dilemmas
available in the form. Peggy Papp(1977), Frank Dattilio(1998), and Lary Golden(2004) family therapists
they have published case study books to which they can refer;

The format of the User’s Guide to the AAMFT Code of Ethics is more
is short.
Family Guide: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families (The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for
Couples and Families)
The case consultations of these publications are of a particular theoretical view. Such educational cases
should be studied on a systematic basis. Also, how family therapists have made decisions in the past.
may be useful for current practitioners to know

case studies; also about steps for family therapists to make ethically appropriate choices.
might help. In ethical decision making, step-by-step processes have been determined and these processes are; of therapists
an alternative to meet their professional responsibilities and take responsibility for the well-being of the family
movements emphasize creating continuity. Therapists then evaluate the consequences of these alternatives.
and measure. They make tentative decisions from these processes and, if in doubt, report it to the supervisor or supervisor.
They also implement their decisions after double-checking with their colleagues. The last step is; of what has been done
includes documentation. Documentation is ethically and legally defensible. documents, notable
There must be applications seen or applications based on traditional applications.

Professional Consultation

The third source when making ethical decisions; It is a professional consultation. professional consultation,
is to meet with an expert in the field to increase his/her own skills and knowledge. Consultation; internal or
It can be taken in various forms such as externally oriented, process-result oriented, and formal and informal.

Internal consultation is the place where the therapist is working on a family-related ethical issue.
It can be taken in the form of a conversation with an expert. External consultation, located
involves meeting with a professional outside the location/institution. Process consultation
It can be defined as consulting an expert about the ethics of the method used when working with a family.
Outcome-focused consultation is what the family and the therapist want to achieve.
It includes meeting with the expert by putting ethics at the center. In the official consultation (formal consultation), an input
while it is acquired by the expert by appointment or structured interview; informal consultation
(informal consultation) at a professional therapy conference, in the hallway with an expert, or less
can be in the form of structured communication.

Whatever the form, family therapists through consultation services; principles and ethical codes
gains a broader perspective on the history of the situation related to certain aspects. Consultation
therapists at their meetings, consumers of services aiming to prevent, illuminate and change
they become.

Interacting with Colleagues and Supervisors

The fourth source of support in making ethical decisions includes that of peers and supervisors. Family
therapists may need to interact with their colleagues for many reasons, but
they share ideas with their colleagues, especially when it comes to ethical behavior.
Colleagues are often more accessible than experts and educational materials. Also this
The financial value of using peers is cheaper or free. Additionally, colleagues
frequently informs professionals about new trends.

Direct supervision of a work by a non-colleague, especially those starting their careers
It is highly effective and recommended for professionals. Family therapy as opposed to individual supervision
Family therapy supervision is systematic and interpersonal as well as introverted.
It also focuses on issues. Using various forms of supervisory interaction, family therapists can
are less likely to make ethical mistakes by avoiding personal and professional matters.
In addition to the use of one-way mirrors for live observation and interview in family therapy supervision.
In addition, emphasis is placed on video critique.

Meta-Ethical Principles

Meta-ethical principles have high standards. These standards allow clinicians to decide.
guides. These principles are particularly useful for resolving ethical and moral dilemmas. This is all
Five of the principles are considered in interaction with each other:

Autonomy: The rightness of individuals to make decisions and choices

Nonmalefience: avoiding potential harm from someone’s action to the client

Beneficence: providing the client’s peace of mind and doing good

Fidelity: Being trustworthy, loyal, and keeping one’s promises

Justice (Justice): Treating people equally

The top principle that family therapists should keep in mind is; is to do no harm. To follow this principle
While not easy, it is less difficult in some ways than other principles. Commitment in family therapy
It deals with being connected and the relationships they have. It is necessary to pay attention to these three areas and the decision
should keep this in mind when buying. However, family therapists realize the complexities of what and with whom they work.
When they do, they become more attentive, thoughtful, and eventually resourceful.

Common Ethical Issues

Some family therapists may not comply with ethical rules. Some ethical rules are explained below.
has been studied.

Security

It should be discussed with the client that ethical issues will be respected. Confidentiality, on the other hand, is a legal condition. If privacy
If it is corrupted, an unethical situation arises, and it also causes therapists to encounter legal problems.
it causes. Family therapists should be careful in this regard.

The best method is to do the counseling session with all of their family members. In these cases
There will be no scapegoats or problem people in the session. In this process, mutual therapists and family members,
learn about their rights and responsibilities. In secrecy, what is spoken in the sessions remains there
the need is discussed concretely and the family is informed. The lack of one-on-one meetings discouraged the clients.
it can break. This approach supports the systems approach and if a family member has a problem, it affects the others as well.
develops his mind.

Occasionally, therapists may not adhere to confidentiality. Harming yourself or someone else by a family member
or in cases where there are indications of mental illness.

He may need to do this for the sake of his family members. This situation brings with it privileged communication.
Privileged communication is the legal right of the client that protects the client’s rights,
guaranteed by law. Trapist and client are privileged
When they talk in a normal way, the client is normal.
may leave the session format However, if something starts to arise in the family, the child
abuse or anything else, the therapist should report it to the appropriate legal authorities. family therapists

they need to be checked regularly. Different institutions should do this.

Another problem is the disruption of confidentiality due to carelessness. Inappropriate and inappropriate when talking about a case
This can happen with careless talking. This may seem more innocent than others. Electronic
communication tools make it easier for others to receive or access contact information.
makes it. Regardless, this is also an unethical situation. Family therapists recording on computer

If they do, they should pay attention. And they should protect the records.

Gender Issues

Gender is an important phenomenon in family therapy. Gender is the main factor in the relations between men and women in the family.
The gender of the therapists can affect the interviews. In the early years of family therapy, male
was focused. And women were ignored. sex therapy after 1980
expanded. Men and women began to be treated equally. However, some therapists are superficial.

have made changes.

This attitude means ignoring ethical rules. Deprive women of therapy because of their gender

they can leave, but women should get this right no matter what the cost.

Therapists should consider the following when working with whole families.

must balance power financially and physically
Playing games with family members about roles and rules is ensured that they see themselves differently.
should know that small changes in the family affect the whole family.

Having Sexual Intercourse Between The Therapist And A Family Member

The most common taboo in family counseling is for the therapist to have a relationship with a family member. Unfortunately the most common
One of the problems is that therapists and healthcare professionals have relationships with their clients. New employees
They are warned about the relationship with the clients. In addition, this situation is prohibited in the ethical codes of family counseling.

It should not be treated in such a way that there may be misunderstandings between the therapist and the client.

theoretical techniques

The techniques of some theories are still controversial. Therefore, it should be considered as a last resort. for example
confusion and paradoxes strategic family therapy (straightforward) that hides nothing (obvious)
It doesn’t handle it as well as theories. Similarly, a controversial attitude towards impartiality
they are exhibiting. Therapists with a strategic point of view can solve the violence in the family and create a nonviolent family.

They try to create the environment. Only when working with the family can the family balance and change in the family.

Multicultural Therapy Topics

A common area of ​​ethical situations is multicultural therapies. The therapist in multicultural counseling
The idea that values ​​are so glorious should not be. While working with minority groups, Pederson (1996)

suggested significant ethical error,

It should highlight the similarities.
It should highlight the differences
Emphasize their assumptions on similarities and differences
Family therapists should be careful to look at their culture from the family’s perspective before giving advice.
This can be difficult to handle. Supervision or consultation is recommended for ethical reasons.
For example, the therapist can often touch the client. Hispanics and Latinos are open to it and
They can greet their therapist with a touch or a hug. Cultural differences are ethical in such situations.

codes can be kept flexible.

Therapy via the Internet

The possibilities offered by the Internet in terms of therapies and ethical codes have also been problems.
The Internet is used by therapists. In some schemes, the client misunderstands the information of the place where he/she lives.

gives. It is said that answers to e-mail questions should not exceed 200 words.

However, in the third type of setup, the therapist can be seen with family members. and regular
able to negotiate. Practicing trains the client in this regard. Anxiety decreases, experience

increases.

Ethical dilemmas have emerged with the use of the Internet. It lacks security, privacy can be violated,
The therapist may not be able to protect the client from possible dangers and harms. Cannot see nonverbal responses and
cannot interpret. The client may misunderstand spelling mistakes, or incompetent clients may be harmed.

for what you wrote.

Problems can get complicated or worse. But any legal sanction or
There is no protective law about family therapy. Internet use and consultations

increasing, and with it, abuse of power is increasing.

Reporting Unethical Behavior

With the reading and learning of ethical codes, employees try to avoid unethical behaviors.
has been started. Clients can report unethical behavior to working therapists.
When faced with a situation, they can apply to ethical codes. If you have a situation that you cannot resolve or
If there is a case, it should be reported to the necessary institutions (such as ACA). A report in such an institution

If given, official investigation will be opened.

Therapists may resort to unethical behavior when they are in a difficult situation. privacy issue

increasing. Therapists who see that the ethical rules are violated are obliged to report this.

If there is absolute violence, the therapist has three options. To apply to an authorized board with a file
encourage the client, the therapist himself should complain or do nothing. In these three options

It causes discomfort to the client, so the therapist is affected by it.

THE IMPORTANCE OF ASSESSMENT OF FAMILIES

Assesment procedures define the characteristics of people, programs, and objects.
any method used to measure The test in which people are usually asked to do their best
as opposed to evaluation; Evaluates typical performances, behaviors and qualities. Well;

evaluation is more comprehensive than test measurements.

In fact, assessment is also a vital part of family therapy. therapists throughout the assessment
they gain knowledge that will help them to systematically and appropriately identify the families they work with. This
For this purpose, the therapist examines the family’s structure (roles, boundaries, etc.), control (such as flexibility, power), culture (social position, etc.).

cultural heritage etc.), learns about their needs/feelings and development.

In the past, mental health disorders based on mental health disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association.
Marriage and family diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)
categories have received little attention. Basically, the DSM is based on the medical model and individually
orientation has been made. Therefore, the fields of marriage and family are limited to the diagnostic process; because family
therapists are basically relationship oriented. Instead of linking relationships with a class of discomfort, DSM’s approach;
V codes or Holistic Assessment of Relational Functioning to identify these challenges
It was to use the Global Assessment of Relational Functioning Scale (GARF). V code, state, mind
defines it as something that does not refer to his illness. Functionality, which is the Axis 5 of GARF and DSM-IV.
Individual functionality of the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale

assessment is similar. ADD LAST SENTENCE!!!

DSM-IV (the fourth edition of DSM) family-child, sibling, partner relationships and physical and sexual abuse
It focuses more on relational problems such as usage. However, despite some obstacles, family therapists
assessing and diagnosing so that an appropriate treatment plan can be developed and followed when necessary

they need

Another advantage of evaluation; relationship dynamics for better relationships of families and family members

to help them understand, to help them gain clear goals and different perspectives.

Finally, another importance of evaluation; relates countability and professionalism. Therapy,
requires documentation of services and presents the reasons behind the services. in family therapy
it’s starting to become more scientific and precise, and that’s the family that hones its skills and serves the public.

makes their therapists increasingly confident in the assessment. Such trust is a matter of being responsible.

DIMENSIONS OF ASSESSING FAMILIES

Most assessments with families are based on a systemic approach. This approach is individual
requires benefiting from inter-individual interaction/relationship rather than their characteristics/characteristics. one or
and for another reason, even when attention is focused on that person, that person’s behavior
the way it shapes the behavior of other members, the power to influence, and the variables that can affect the ecosystem

analyzed in terms of

With the questions asked in the therapy session, therapists focus more on interactions and relationships than demographics.

they focus. For example; “Mary, what do you do when John is angry?” They ask questions like

According to Fishman, the therapist should take into account four-dimensional evaluations. These are:

Contemporary developmental pressure on the family
family history,
Family structure,
family process.
This four-dimensional model should give therapists a frequently changing view of their subject. This model
It allows therapists to look at the moving system from different angles. In this model, therapists
a particular family member, sometimes acting as impartial observers, inside and outside
the therapist’s involvement in the process when they support them or recognize a member of the family in control.

takes into account its position.

Emphasis on the process and the therapist’s active role in this process, family therapy as an experience therapy.

is what defines it.

METHODS USED IN THE ASSESSMENT OF FAMILIES

Family therapists have many and varied assessment techniques. Both formal and informal techniques
they can use. Informal assessment methods observational data
These include natural or playful situations, which may or may not be measured.
Formal assessment methods are usually field tests and inventories,

some of them are theoretically based, some are not.

Informal Methods for Evaluating Families

There are several ways to informally evaluate couples and families. For example; in sarnoff and sarnoff relations

In order to provide “informal evaluations of couples” of their positive experiences, “couples’ creativity

They designed the “couples creativity assesment tasks C-CAT”. This measurement
tasks in the inventory; focusing on early memories, building the future, problem solving ability
It includes perspective and separate thoughts. This measurement takes 40-45 minutes. This inventory is the lives of couples

It is meant to bring “more positive, loving and healthy interaction” throughout.

One of the best informal methods of family evaluation is the “Family Evaluation Form” (Family Evaluation Form).

Assessment Form). This form aims to provide family therapists with a lot of information in a short enough time.

Another way to evaluate families informally is to directly observe them. Unlike individual counselling, family
Therapeutic therapy is to directly observe interpersonal problematic change and to compare these events with subjective preferences.
Suggests opportunities for comparison. Although this process is equal, it is a complex because one of the individuals
In some periods, expressions of hostility are possible. These are invaluable tools for collecting information and

other inventories do not provide this.

Reference Sources:

Desired/Current Problem to Change (for each member)
Repetitive Sequences of Ineffective/Unproductive Behaviors (resolution efforts, homeostatic balance efforts)
Family Structure (Family map; individual participation or isolation, flexibility or rigidity; power structure; generational
boundaries; partner relationships, agreements, roles, etc.)
Communication and Interaction Styles (direct, open, mixed, effective, cognitive, positive, negative, supportive, aggressive, etc.)
Looking at Key Assumptions Considered
Family Life Stage (Early marriage, teen parenthood, middle ages, retirement, etc.)
Appropriate/required Information on Family Lineage (positive or negative influences of past generations)
External sources of stress and support (such as relationships with others, friends, coworkers)
Family Strengths
Significant Physical Conditions/Medications/Illnesses
Other Information (such as previous treatment and test results)
Therapeutic purposes:

Recommended Therapeutic Intervention

Official Methods for Evaluating Families

Family therapists have more than 1000 measurement inventories. These inventories cover the following areas; various
intimacy, power, harmony and parent. “When these inventories are used, practitioners and clients

They can enrich the evaluation and treatment process.”

It is important for clinicians to consult reference studies and for specific scales appropriate for their situation.
It needs theories. Note down all assessment tools and scales used in family therapy.
is important. These inventories; measured values, these steps and reports
auxiliary steps, easy or difficult score orientations, and interpretation of test results, validity

It is important that the evidence about reliability and reliability be carefully scrutinized.

Despite the increasing trends in family therapy scales, clinicians are hesitant to try them.
One of the reasons for the silence is the superiority of its innovative practice from the measurement inventories used.
to remove family therapists without interruption and they do not have the necessary training. These family therapists;
Most of the surveying trends employed frequently use individual-centered assessment inventories, such as the MMPI-

2 and they use the Myers-briggs type indicator.

Evaluation Measures of Marriage and Family Therapies

*Marriage Evaluation Measures

-Working Women Attitude Scale

-Two-Career Family Scale

-Change-Orientation Inventory

-Marriage Satisfaction Inventory

-Marriage Communication Inventory

-Sexual Attitudes and Beliefs Inventory

-Locke-Wallace Marriage Compatibility Test

-Myers-Briggs Typology Inventory

-Dyadic Compliance Scale

*Parental Assessment Measures

-Parent-Adolescent Communication Inventory

-Parent skill Inventory

* Family Evaluation Measures

-Beavers-Timberlawn Family Rating Scale

-Conflict Resolution Scale

-Quality of Life Scale

-Family Cohesion and Consistency Scale

-McMaster Family Assessment Plan

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