Psychotherapy of Depression

Psychoeducation as a first-line therapy for depression is a common and curable disorder.

It does not mean that the person is weak or weak.

Unhappiness, pessimism, reluctance, not wanting to do business, withdrawing, talking to anyone

reluctance, loss of appetite (sometimes on the contrary, overeating), insomnia, guilt, worthlessness

thoughts, forgetfulness, attention and concentration problems, these symptoms can be seen immediately.

The person should be told that all are medical conditions and treatable.

Depression can lead to a deterioration in one’s work life and private life at different rates.

a person who is good or bad, by the weak or the strong, by the intelligence, by the moral or by the creed.

it has nothing to do with it. By explaining this to the depressed person in detail, he

should stop blaming. Biological, psychological and environmental factors individually or together

play a role in the onset of depression.

Explaining that it is a recurrent disease and that the recurrence increases in each disease period.

A maintenance and prevention plan should be made by explaining what to do to prevent recurrence.

At this stage, the main goal is to inform the patient about depression and to

helping him become his own therapist.

People have different interpretations of events in evaluating what happened to them. in depression

As pessimistic thinking style can initiate the disease process, it is also a factor that delays recovery.

it could be.

The basic cognitive feature of depression is that the person has negative expectations about himself, his environment and the future.

that is.

Negative thinking is more about himself, seeing what people around him can do.

When comparing, he almost always sees what he himself cannot do. This is both the present and the past.

includes. Self-criticism and blame also increase in this process. This increases his unhappiness and grief.

In a vicious circle, they think that this situation is mostly due to their own mistakes.

Even in happy events, the thought “I don’t deserve this” prevails.

Another situation that is evident in depression is the lack of self-confidence and belief in one’s self.

is the decrease. Underlying this loss may lie excessive expectations that the individual has set for himself.

During a depressive episode, you may constantly give negative comments and negative reactions.

In conversations with your friends or family, you may conclude that they disapprove of you, criticize what you do, and even dislike you as much as they used to.

They believe that this situation does not only cover the present, but will continue in the future, even forever.

I definitely can’t, I’m wasting my time, I won’t be able to,

They strongly believe in these thoughts and negativity, so they stop trying and stop trying.

they start doing nothing. They avoid everything, including the activities they would enjoy in life. A

the urge to do something-finish is replaced by passivity, not doing anything, distancing himself from society.

leaves it to abstraction. For this reason, the first thing to do in depression is behavioral treatment. because most

The area that he can control the most is his own behavior.

Second Level Behavioral Activation; Increasing the activities of the individual is the main goal. Feeling

Thought Behavior is interrelated, so one’s first behavior is an increase in activity.

indirectly, even if there is no change in other areas,

It also affects their thoughts positively. After increasing the activity level, the target is to continue the depression.

behaviors (especially avoidance of certain activities that the person feels uncomfortable with)

self-isolation) and increasing depression-reducing behaviors.

First of all, the situation is determined by giving an activity chart to the person in order to determine this situation.

The person himself says that his activities are reduced and that he only does what he has to do.

It should be ensured that he sees the emotion-behavior relationship by showing that he is not doing the things he liked to do before. A detailed picture of his daily life should be shown to the patient.

Increasing the activities after demonstrating the vicious circle should be planned together.

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