Psychotherapy

“Believe me, every heart has its own secret pain that the world doesn’t know about, and we often call a man cold when he’s just sad.” HWLongfellow (1807-1882)

What is psychotherapy?

Psychotherapy, that is, speech therapy, in a very broad sense; It means changing and improving thoughts, feelings and behaviors by influencing them with ways of speaking and relating. Healing means letting go of old maladaptive responses, learning new perspectives, new behaviors; In short, it is self-change. Psychotherapy; from the problems of coping with daily life to struggling with the effects of traumatic events; It can help with mental difficulties experienced due to physical illnesses, distress experienced after the loss of a loved one, and coping processes with psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety disorders. In psychotherapy work, the therapist and client actively work together. Establishing a trusting relationship between the therapist and the client is essential.

How long does psychotherapy take?

Sessions are usually once a week. Psychotherapy can be short-term or long-term, depending on the nature of the problems to be studied. Treatment goals, frequency of sessions and duration of psychotherapy are determined jointly by the client and the therapist.

Psychotherapy or drug therapy?

Psychotherapy can be applied alone or simultaneously with drug therapy. In some cases, medication is the priority, while in others psychotherapy may be the most appropriate option. In many cases, it is observed that the combination of the two treatments gives the best results.

What are the types of psychotherapy?

Psychotherapies, those based on roughly psychodynamic foundations according to the understanding of psychopathology and the theoretical starting point; types of behavioral psychotherapy based on learning principles; Cognitive psychopathology can be classified as those based on information processing, social psychology principles, and those based on existential and phenomenological foundations. According to its form and structure, psychotherapy can be applied as individual psychotherapy, group psychotherapy, psychodrama, game psychotherapy and family psychotherapy. In order to decide which of these to use, it is necessary to define the client’s problem well with preliminary interviews.

Who is a psychotherapist?

Psychotherapists are people who specialize in therapy with their psychotherapy training, who provide support to people in need of psychological support within a professional framework. In order to practice psychotherapy, mental health professionals such as psychiatrists, psychologists or psychological counselors must receive psychotherapy training in addition to their basic training. The scientific aspect of psychotherapy is undeniable, but like medicine, psychotherapy also has an artistic side. First of all, the psychotherapist should be able to listen to the client effectively, empathize with him, not take sides and not judge, be flexible in his approach and spare time for the client.

How does psychotherapy work?

People who receive psychotherapy feel a significant reduction in their distressing symptoms and their functionality in life is markedly increased. It has been shown that psychotherapy changes emotions and behaviors in a positive way, and can provide the individual with more satisfaction in many areas of life. Many studies in recent years have concluded that psychotherapies show their effects by changing brain cycles, just like drug treatments. It is possible to detect this change with psychotherapy with structural and functional neuroimaging methods.

Changing; requires first asking, then actively trying to reach the right source of help. The psychotherapist is the companion who takes the responsibility of guiding the client in this change process. The most important point in psychotherapy is the relationship established between two people and gaining special meaning. During this relationship, the quality of the relationship is more important than the content of what is spoken. For this relationship to work positively, to develop with mutual trust and respect; Reviewing the broken relationships that take their source from the past, creating new perspectives gives opportunity for change.

 

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