Prp, in English “platellet rich plasma” in short; (platelet rich plasma) !

PRP is an abbreviation that stands for “Platelet Rich Plasma” in English. PRP is prepared from the patient’s own blood. It contains high concentration of platelets. Platelets have growth factors that allow damaged tissue to heal.

What is Platelet?

Blood is made up of fluid and cells. Most of the blood is made up of a liquid part called “plasma”. There are 3 types of cells in the blood; red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. The most important task of platelets is to stop bleeding by providing clotting. Platelets also contain proteins called growth factors, which have an important role in tissue healing.

What is PRP?

PRP is a plasma, liquid blood product that contains a much larger number of platelets than is normally found in blood. The concentration of platelets and growth factors in PRP is 3-5 times higher than their amount in the blood; that is, in much richer concentration.

How is PRP Obtained?

While preparing PRP, 10-20 cc of blood is taken from the patient under sterile conditions.

The blood taken from the patient is placed in tubes containing sterile special kits or substances that will prevent clotting.

The tubes are placed in a high-speed motor device called a centrifuge.

The blood taken from the patient is rotated twice in the centrifuge device.

After centrifugation, the shaped elements and serum of the blood are separated into three separate layers. At the bottom are erythrocytes (red blood cells), platelets in the middle, and plasma (serum) at the top.

Under sterile conditions, the platelet-rich part is separated and applied into the joint or tissue. Preparation time is about 15-20 minutes. More than one injection may be required depending on the application site.

In Which Situations PRP Is Not Applied?

It should not be used in pregnant and lactating women.

It should not be used in people with platelet count in whole blood below 150*103 ml.

It should not be used in cancer patients.

It should not be applied to people with active infection in the area where PRP will be applied.

It should not be administered to people with platelet dysfunction syndrome and sepsis.

It can only be applied to the person from whom blood is drawn, it cannot be applied to a different person or persons.

In Which Musculoskeletal System Diseases Is PRP Used?

Joint calcification (knee, shoulder, ankle),

Cartilage damage seen at a young age,

tennis elbow,

Shoulder tendon problems

Achilles tendon diseases,

heel spur,

Is PRP Injection Safe?

Since it is prepared from the patient’s own blood, no disease transmission or allergic reaction occurs.

Are There Any Side Effects of PRP Application?

It is a safe method that can be applied in polyclinic and office environments. The level of pain may increase temporarily.

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