Providing Critical Thinking Skills to Children in Preschool Period

We have to make new choices and make new decisions throughout our lives. “I wonder if I should believe him or not?”

“I wonder if I should buy this or not?”

“Should I prefer this or prefer this”

“I wonder if this is a good solution?”

“Is this information he told me true?”

Making the best decisions and making the most beneficial choices depends on being able to access valid and reliable information that will guide our thoughts and actions and analyze this information to make choices. Going beyond the given information and thinking of alternatives, including the given, is perhaps one of the most important skills of the new century. Making the most useful and right choice in the abundance of knowledge, experience and objects… We are talking about a very basic life skill that we should acquire both for ourselves and for our children.

Ellen Galinsky in her book “The Developing Mind” critical thinking skilldefines it as one of the seven basic life skills that every child should acquire throughout his development. critical thinking skill means it is. If we want your children to be individuals who make good choices and make the right decisions for themselves and their environment at school, at work and in life, we should encourage them to “think critically”. Like other skills critical thinking skill It also follows a developmental path from childhood to adulthood. But how can we do this?

“Critical thinking is the ability to step back, look at what you’ve done, look at the size of the job and evaluate it.”

-Frank Keil, Yale University

Earlier we talked about basic skills like focus, self-control, perspective taking and making connections. critical thinking is a more complex executive function skill that includes all these skills. information so you can think critically. your ability to focus, among the data you have ability to connectin order to go beyond what is given by providing self-control You need to evaluate the information you have. That’s why you need to make sure you’re supporting other skills as well.

We know that children’s minds work just like a scientist when collecting information and making sense of the world. They constantly categorize, categorize and relate the information and experiences they have been exposed to and witnessed. Just like a scientist, they form a causal theory of what’s going on in their minds. They test these assumptions and theories when they encounter similar and identical situations again. If it doesn’t fit their assumptions or the logical explanation they have in mind, they develop a new theory. It may surprise many of us to see expressions of scientific methods used so often when describing a child’s thought processes. But don’t be surprised! Because, in the face of our own experiences on the path of life, we are all like amateur scientists. We collect information about what is happening, compile the information we collect, and try to create a coherent statement from those compilations that we find valid and reliable. Otherwise, our mental health and mental health would deteriorate because we could not develop a reliable and consistent perception of the world. Returning again to children’s thinking processes, children learn knowledge from other people and from their own experiences. At this point, it would be useful to explain a little more about how they learn from others and their own experiences, which is very critical for critical thinking skills.

Suppose you are watching an ad. Do you blindly believe what is said in the ad, or do you take a step back and question the credibility and validity of the ad? If you are an individual who has control over his own life and does not randomly live with what is presented to him, you will probably have questions about the validity and reliability of the advertisement and you will be skeptical. The ad tells you that a brand of toothpaste has a recommendation for its texture from every ten gum specialists. What do you do? As someone with gum sensitivity, would you try to buy right away? Or would you make your decision after a questioning and research process, taking into account who these ten people are, the commercial concerns of the brand, etc.?

This is exactly the skill we need to teach our children to take a step back and consider various possibilities. critical thinkingis a skill.

Reasoning on what they have experienced, questioning the reliability of the source of the information, reaching someone who is wiser than himself in the information he wants to reach, and questioning the reliability of the presenter while acquiring this information are very vital skills. If the way we have told you so far reminds you of a Sherlock Holmes story, do not be afraid, the process is actually not that complicated. I suggest that you remember that every knowledge learned during the development process becomes automatic and operates in a very implicit way in our daily lives. So what you have to do is ” How Can We Help Children Develop Critical Thinking?To apply the suggestions listed in the article titled and to observe how your child benefits from this approach during his/her development.

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