The structure and maturation of the outer ear begin to become evident from the first days of life, the outer ear being raised at a wide angle with the head takes different names in various languages, such as prominent ear, sail ear, cup ear. Although the ear structure in childhood is related to the posture of the child in the prenatal period, there is not much truth in this, this structure is determined mostly by genetic features.
Although the correction of prominent ear deformity can be done at any age, the period before the start of primary education should be preferred. The reason for this is that children make jokes and call them prominent ears during primary education, which alienates the child from school and causes failure. Correction of prominent ear disorder not only corrects an unpleasant image, but also corrects the psychology of the child. This disorder can be unilateral or bilateral, and both ears can be operated at the same time.
There are various methods for the prominent ear correction, although there are operations performed by entering from the front of the ear, the operations performed behind the ear are mostly applied. The given ear shape is protected by internal and external sutures, and it is difficult to see the surgical scar in surgical methods that use behind the ear. Although general anesthesia is required for surgery in childhood, it can be easily performed with local (regional) anesthesia in adulthood, so the patient does not need to be hospitalized. After the surgery, it is beneficial to use a headband (bandana) for about a week, both to protect the new position and to provide comfort while lying down. Depending on the work done, it is possible to start work after a few days.
There are many congenital disorders of the outer ear apart from the prominent ear deformity. These are many forms of disorders that can be of various structures, such as the ear being small, having appendages or not developing at all. These disorders are operated at various stages depending on the size of the problem. In cases where the ear has not developed at all, it may be necessary to use rib cartilage or ready-made prostheses to form the ear skeleton.