Pregnancy and Oral Health

  • How does pregnancy affect oral health?

Calcium loss from the mother’s teeth during pregnancy and it is a misconception that the mother will lose one tooth with each pregnancy. However, it is a fact that there will be some changes in oral health during pregnancy. The most important change is the increase in estrogen and progesterone hormone levels, which is associated with increased plaque accumulation on the teeth.

If plaque is not removed, it can lead to gingivitis. (gingivitis) causes. This situation “pregnancy gingivitis” takes its name. The gingiva is red, increased in volume, tender and bleeding. This picture mostly affects the majority of pregnant women in the 2nd trimester with varying severity. If gingivitis is already present, it may increase in severity during pregnancy and progress to periodontitis if left untreated. Also in pregnant women “pregnancy tumor” There is also the risk of developing These are inflammatory lesions that occur as a result of irritation of gingival enlargements. Although it is usually left to itself, it should be removed by the dentist if it causes discomfort to the patient or interferes with chewing, brushing and other oral care procedures.

  • How can these problems be avoided?

Gingivitis can be prevented by effective care and cleaning of the teeth. Teeth should be brushed at least twice a day, whenever possible, after each meal. Cleaning with dental floss should also be done on all teeth every day. If brushing your teeth in the morning is uncomfortable, rinse your mouth with water or anti-plaque and fluoride mouthwashes. Along with a balanced diet, vitamin C and B12 supplements are also important for maintaining oral health. Visiting the dentist more frequently also prevents the development of gingivtis by providing effective plaque control. Plaque control also reduces gingival irritation and the risk of pregnancy tumors.

  • When should you go to the dentist?

If pregnancy is planned or suspected, the dentist should be visited. Cleaning is appropriate in the first 3 months. The dentist will prepare a treatment schedule for the remainder of the pregnancy. Re-cleaning can be recommended in the second 3 months, together with the evaluation of the changes in the oral tissues and the effectiveness of oral care. Depending on the situation, re-appointments can be made in the third trimester, but all these sessions should be as short as possible.

  • Are there any procedures that should not be done during pregnancy?

Generally, non-urgent procedures can also be performed during pregnancy. However, the best time for any dental treatment is between the 4th and 6th months. In emergency situations accompanied by severe pain, treatment can be carried out at any time during pregnancy. In cases that require anesthesia and medication, a gynecologist should be contacted. Transactions that can be postponed should be left until after delivery.

  • Is dental X-ray harmful during pregnancy?

In this period, temporary resolution of complaints due to dental problems can be done without film, and the main treatment can be left after delivery. Filming is not suitable for monitoring the stages of dental treatment. (root canal treatment etc.).If necessary, unsuccessful treatments should be repeated after delivery.

The approach may be different in important situations where the general health of the mother is concerned. In cases where the film is unavoidable for diagnosis; Although the amount of radiation given in x-rays taken in dentistry is very low and not very close to the abdomen, a lead apron must be used to prevent the developing baby from receiving radiation.

  • Do teeth rot faster during pregnancy?

As stated earlier “Calcium is withdrawn from the mother’s teeth during pregnancy and therefore every baby will lose a tooth for the mother” The belief is absolutely not true. The deterioration of the balance in the body during pregnancy creates an environment suitable for the rapid decay of teeth. The reasons for the faster decay of teeth in this period are as follows;

During the feeding period, there is an excessive desire for sweets and snacks, and tooth brushing is neglected after they are eaten.

After vomiting in the first months, the mother may not pay enough attention to oral care.
pregnancy hormones (estrogen, progertron) The mother, whose gums bleed more quickly due to the effect, avoids brushing her teeth. For these reasons, it is necessary to pay more attention to dental health during this period.

  • Are there any precautions to be taken for the baby’s dental health?

Baby’s teeth development begins in the womb. During this period, the mother should pay attention to a balanced diet for both her own health and the dental development of her baby. Protein for dental health, Vitamin A (meat, milk, eggs, yellow vegetables and fruits)C vitamin (citrus, tomato, strawberry), Vitamin D (meat, milk, eggs, fish)and calcium (milk and dairy products, green leafy vegetables) Rich foods should be taken enough. In addition, unconscious drug use should be avoided. The drugs used may adversely affect the baby’s dental health as well as the general body development. Being knowledgeable about the baby’s dental health is the first step for your child to have healthy teeth for life. Learn about baby’s dental care and nutrition.

  • Will my “I took antibiotics while pregnant” baby’s teeth affected?

We stated that unconscious drug use should be avoided during this period. However, it is wrong to believe that every antibiotic used causes staining on the baby’s teeth. The group of antibiotics that cause discoloration on the teeth are “tetracyclines”. Antibiotics other than this have not been proven to cause coloration.

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