What is the effect of pregnancy on oral and dental health?
The most important change that occurs during pregnancy is the increase in the levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones. This situation leads to an increase in plaque accumulation and tartar formation on the teeth, thus causing tooth and gingival problems. Tooth sensitivity, redness and bleeding in the gums are the main problems seen in this period.
In addition to gingival diseases during pregnancy, gingival enlargements called epulis (pregnancy tumor) can be seen. This growth heals spontaneously towards the end of pregnancy or after pregnancy. However, if it causes discomfort during chewing and oral care procedures, it may need to be taken.
Another factor affecting dental health during pregnancy is the nausea and vomiting experienced by the expectant mother. It is recommended that pregnant women rinse their mouths with carbonated water during this period, as the acidic environment formed in the mouth after vomiting may cause erosion (erosion) on the teeth.
In addition, it is thought that by taking the calcium necessary for the baby from the mother’s teeth, it causes the mother’s teeth to decay quickly. However, calcium necessary for tooth development is supplied from the mother’s bones. Therefore, it is very important to feed the mother with foods rich in calcium and phosphorus.
What is tooth decay?
Tooth decay is a disease that destroys the hard tissues of the tooth.
Caries, which does not show many symptoms in the early period, creates a feeling of pain with hot, cold, sweet and sour stimuli in the later period.
How does tooth decay progress?
It starts from the harder enamel layer of the decayed tooth and progresses to the softer and organically richer dentin layer.
The rate of progression of the bruise varies according to the person’s body.
What should be done to prevent cavities?
good oral care
Use of dental floss and mouthwash
Periodic medical check-up
What happens if the caries is not treated?
If caries is not treated, it progresses and leads to tooth loss.
Is there a cure for bruises?
There is no medicine to cure cavities
Fluoride used as a child strengthens teeth against decay, but has no effect on existing caries
Is there a bruise vaccine?
There are such studies, but there is no such drug in clinical practice.
Are there antibiotics against cavities?
What is the effect of food on caries?
The incidence of caries in individuals fed with fiber foods is very low.
Eating fruits such as apples and pears reduces plaque on the teeth.
In cases where teeth cannot be brushed, a piece of cheese to be eaten will neutralize the acidity of the oral environment.
Acidic drinks will increase the risk of caries
Soft and sticky foods increase the risk of caries