Caffeine; It is a substance that is essentially a medicine, found in beverages such as coffee, tea, cola, and cold tea. When consumed, it easily passes from mother to baby and shows its effects on the fetus. Therefore, caffeine consumption during pregnancy is a frequently discussed issue in terms of its effects on the developing fetus and the progression of pregnancy. However, what should be asked is the amount after which the harmful effects begin. In fact, although the habit of drinking tea is more in our country, thanks to the coffee brands we have seen in recent years, the increase in the consumption of coffee in the summer season by preparing it in different flavors and cold, causes an increase in the amount of caffeine taken from coffee. In addition, the ever-increasing variety of energy drinks and the popularity of drinking increase the consumption of caffeine much more and unaccountably compared to previous years.
Most of the obstetricians ban the expectant mothers from drinks containing caffeine altogether. There is no scientifically proven harm from moderate caffeine consumption. There are studies that associate excessive consumption with miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight and stillbirth. In fact, at this point, how much caffeine is consumed is important!
In a recent study, it is stated that excessive caffeine consumption during pregnancy is linked to childhood obesity. In the study, published in the International Journal of Obesity and covering a 15-year review, children of mothers who consumed heavy caffeine during their pregnancy were 89% more likely to have obesity than those who did not.
At the same time, excess caffeine can increase the complaints of sleep disorders, headache, frequent urination and dehydration during pregnancy. In this way, it can not only harm the baby, but also prevent you from having a quality pregnancy.
According to the American Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics, the mother should consume 200 mg or less of caffeine in order for the baby not to be affected and to be born healthy. The World Health Organization has set the limit value as 300 mg per day. The limit here is to consume no more than 2 large cups of caffeinated beverages per day.
In order to better understand these figures, it is necessary to exemplify the small size coffees (237 ml) sold abroad;
- Americano 75mg,
- Latte 75mg,
- macchiato 150mg,
- Cappuccino 75mg,
- Espresso contains 75 mg of caffeine.
1 cup of Turkish coffee contains 50 mg of caffeine.
But it is important to remember that besides coffee, tea, cola, cocoa and chocolate also contain caffeine! Decaffeinated drinks or soda can be preferred instead. However, I think that 1 cup of Turkish coffee a day will not do any harm. If you are a coffee lover, it will be good for you.