Postpartum depression is a type of depression that begins around the time of pregnancy or a few weeks after giving birth. The vast majority of women experience emotional changes during pregnancy or immediately after birth due to hormones. This ‘pregnancy sadness’ is called. This change in mood resolves on its own in a short time without the need for treatment. However, in some women, this mood change can reach a level that can be diagnosed as Major Depression Disorder.
If a woman experiences depressive symptoms during pregnancy or within four weeks after giving birth, she may be diagnosed with time-onset Major Depression.
In postpartum depression, mothers may feel as if they are being crushed under the burden of their babies or feel empty. They may also feel disconnected from their babies, which can often cause them to feel guilty and not enjoy motherhood. Constantly tearful wandering may also occur; symptoms such as fluctuations in the mood of women and not being able to enjoy life can be seen. In addition to these, behavioral symptoms such as alienation from people, lack of self-care, loss of control, tendency to fight, and not leaving the house occur very frequently.
WHAT IS PREGNANCY/Motherhood Sadness?
Mild depression, which is within the normal range, in mothers who have just given birth, may occur as pessimism, unhappiness, emotional instability, mental confusion, fatigue, intolerance, attachment to relatives, and easy and frequent crying. This condition usually lasts for a maximum of 15 days and disappears with social support. Among the biggest causes of motherhood sadness are the concerns about the birth process and the baby, and the awareness of the responsibilities that the role of motherhood brings to the woman.
– Feeling sad and unhappy
– Feelings of guilt and inadequacy
– Feeling of worthlessness
– Decreased interest and desires
– Inability to enjoy life
– Crying a lot or not being able to cry
– An unstable mood
– The state of being irritable (irritable)
– Experiencing sexual aversion
CHANGE IN THOUGHTS
– Experiencing thoughts of harming the baby and/or self – Self-criticism
– Don’t blame yourself
– Don’t think you’re a bad mother
– Do not despair
– Thoughts of death and suicide
– Thoughts of being more unsuccessful than others
– Concentration disorder
– Confused and unclear thoughts
– The thought of being seen as worthless by others
– Sleeping disorders
– Eating disorders
– A general loss of energy
– slowing down or restlessness
– Don’t be nervous/ nervous
– Decreased libido and withdrawal from sexual intercourse
WHAT CAN CAUSE POST BIRTH DEPRESSION?
– Depression during pregnancy
– Unexpected life events (death, etc.)
– Unplanned pregnancy
– Early or late pregnancy
– Early or late/unwanted marriage
– Problems between spouses (insecurity, miscommunication, etc.)
– Stories of sexual trauma
– Having many children
– Having had depression in previous pregnancies
– Having a high-risk pregnancy
– Premature birth, traumatic birth
– Pregnancy and birth experiences that ended in loss
– The need for intensive care in the baby
– Those who have other difficulties in their life that they are trying to cope with – Insufficient social support
– Unemployment of the woman or her spouse
– Previous traumas
– Having a first-degree relative with a psychiatric history of pregnancy and postpartum
– Early mother-infant separation (the mother’s physical separation from her baby)
TREATMENT OF POSTnatal DEPRESSION
Treatment varies according to the severity and type of woman’s symptoms. Joining a support group, receiving therapy, or using postpartum depression medications may be necessary for treatment. During this period, treatment by talking provides a great improvement. Untreated depression is dangerous for both mother and baby.