Physiological, psychological and sociological differences can be seen in women during pregnancy and puerperium. While most expectant mothers or mothers can easily get used to these differences that change with puerperium, some expectant mothers and mothers cannot adapt to these changes. Even though this situation is a positive and satisfactory life standard for mothers with the birth of the baby, it causes psychological problems for some mothers when they cannot provide emotional balance.
This period is also called postpartum depression, puerperal depression or peripartum depression. Peripartum depression occurs within the first four weeks after birth. This situation can also be defined as the mother’s guilt, burnout, high anxiety, sleep problems and somatic symptoms after birth. People with peripartum depression may express themselves as lost their selves and feeling powerless and incapable of taking responsibility for the baby.
The symptoms seen in postpartum depression are not different from the depression experienced by women who have not given birth. However, it can be observed that the mother with postpartum depression does not feel love towards her family, is indifferent to herself and her baby, and feels helpless. However, this situation can be difficult to distinguish from maternity distress, which is observed in 50%-70% in the early stages of the puerperium. Postpartum depression affects both the mother and the baby negatively because of the fact that many mothers around the world cannot establish the first bond with their child and there are emotional changes towards the family.
Although pregnancy and childbirth may seem like a normal phase, it can actually be a high stress point for mothers and expectant mothers. It is possible for every mother and expectant mother to experience mild or intense anxiety during this period. Generally, mothers can keep up with these changes, but some of them may not be able to cope with the mood and mood disorders brought by the intense depression phase. It is an important issue for mothers who have recently given birth, who experience such a situation, to apply to a specialist without hesitation to seek psychological support before it is too late.