Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disease seen in women of reproductive age, caused by excess cysts in the ovaries and related to hormonal disorders. Normally, an egg develops from the ovaries in women every month, ready to be fertilized regularly. This egg matures in a fluid-filled sac called a follicle. In polycystic ovary syndrome, many eggs try to mature at the same time, but they cannot do it. Neither has the ability to fertilize. Many vesicles, which contain undeveloped eggs, form and these are called cysts.
In polycystic ovary syndrome, the cause of which is unknown, a deficiency in female hormones is observed. As a result, there is fluff. More than half of women are overweight. One of the most important reasons for this is insulin resistance. In addition to these symptoms, hair loss, acne, rapid weight gain, feeling tired all the time, menstrual irregularity are other symptoms.
Many diseases are related to weight. Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the disorders that can be improved by losing weight. In cases where it is not treated, the risk of diseases such as type 2 diabetes, thyroid disorders, and elevation in bad cholesterol increases. People with polycystic ovary syndrome should definitely get help from an endocrinologist, an obstetrician and a dietitian. After the treatment approved by the doctor, a diet therapy is also required. Weight loss helps reduce insulin resistance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. This, in turn, causes a decrease in the male hormone testosterone and, as a result, an increase in the possibility of ovulation by the ovaries. A decrease in acne and hair growth, as well as a decrease in the risk of diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure can be seen. It can be difficult for women with this condition to lose weight. However, it is not impossible.
The target is to lose 5-10% of the current weight in the first month. And a diet plan is made accordingly. Basically, the nutrition program should be as follows. Individual energy needs are determined. And the nutrition program, which is generally determined as 2000-2400 calories per day, is reduced by 200-500 calories per day and 5% of the weight is lost per month. Average 500 grams per week. weight loss is normal. In general, carbohydrates are selected from foods with a low glycemic index, such as whole wheat products, bulgur, and legumes. In other words, foods that do not increase blood sugar quickly and keep you full for a long time should be consumed. High protein is helpful for insulin sensitivity. But the amount should not be too high. It is beneficial to consume fish once a week, chicken 2-3 times, and lean red meat on other days. In addition, 2 servings of low-fat milk and yogurt should be consumed per day.
Consumption of 3 main and 3 snacks a day is always the most appropriate. This is very important in order to prevent hunger and sweet crises. 3 servings of fruit and 2 servings of vegetables should be consumed per day.
Water consumption should be at least 2.5-3 liters. As a regular exercise, at least 1/2 hour brisk walking should be done every day.