Our reactions to external dangers are called fear. Phobias are also a type of fear. The fear of a phenomenon that harms daily life is called phobia. Phobias are actually types of anxiety that often appear in people. Every living thing instinctively avoids the events that it understands to act dangerously and that threaten its life. Therefore, human consciousness perceives this form of avoidance as fear. Fear is also a pre-warning mechanism. Situations where that person cannot avoid events that they perceive as dangerous or threaten their life, or cannot relax emotionally despite avoiding them, turn into a form of fear getting out of control. As a result of the person’s inability to find peace, the fear gradually increases and the state of anxiety may appear. This anxiety negatively affects that person’s daily life and becomes a mechanism that operates outside of himself. When it comes to this kind of situation, the fears that we define as our self-protection mechanism turn into phobias. A person’s fears or phobias may not always have an explanation or cause.
Phobias are perceived as a personality trait or temperament, not as a disease in the community. For this reason, the number of people who apply to health institutions for treatment is very low. Phobias are more common in women than men.
Anxiety symptoms appear when the person encounters an event, situation or entity that he or she fears. Most of the symptoms seen during a panic attack can also be seen in the case of phobia. In severe phobic situations, cardiac arrest and even death may occur. Common symptoms of phobia are:
– Palpitations, facial flushing, facial itching and burning sensation
-Shortness of breath
-Loss of consciousness
-Sudden Blood Pressure Drop
-Shock etc. symptoms can be seen.
Treatment in Phobias
Since the phobia is not perceived as a disease, requests for treatment seem very rare, but there are various treatment methods for phobias. Phobia treatments are usually done with both medication and psychotherapy. Since drug treatment is not sufficient on its own, these two types of treatment are generally used. Antidepressants are used for drug therapy. Another method that is frequently used in the treatment of phobia is to make the person face the thing they fear. In this type of treatment, it is expected that the person will see how he or she can cope with the anxiety situation by overcoming the situations that cause fear or have become a phobia.
Some Types of Phobias
Anatideaphobia: The person with this phobia may fear that a duck is watching him. This phobia is often found in people who were attacked by or chased by a duck during childhood.
Geletophobia: Fear of being laughed at or ridiculed.
Agirophobia: Fear of crossing a street. People with this phobia are very afraid of crosswalks.
Ranidaphobia: Fear of frogs.