phobias

Most people admit to being afraid of one or more things. These are spider, snake, clown, elevator, height, indoor etc. can happen. Such fears are quite common and normal. There are two important determinants for these fears to be included in the diagnosis of phobia. Of these first Symptoms cause severe emotional stress, latterif It is the damage to day-to-day functionality due to these fears.

Individuals with phobia almost always show a fear response when they encounter the phobic stimulus or when they expect to encounter the phobic stimulus. Because avoiding the feared stimulus provides quick relief, these people often avoid situations where they are likely to encounter the phobic stimulus.

The fact that phobias are only against certain objects and situations and that they can continue their lives by avoiding these situations and objects or arranging their life according to them also affects the application of people with this disorder for treatment.

Even photographs or images associated with the phobic stimulus may cause severe anxiety to those with severe phobia. Even if people with phobia secretly know that their fear is excessive or disproportionate to the danger, they cannot avoid these fears by thinking rationally and they tend to exaggerate the danger of the feared situation.

FOR DIAGNOSIS OF FOBI;

– People with this psychological disorder are afraid of some objects or situations, even if the danger is not that severe.

– They make a great effort not to encounter the situation or object that causes fear or anxiety.

– These fears and anxieties cause distress for people and cause certain problems in their normal daily life.

SPECIFIC PHOBIES ARE SEPARATED IN 5 ACCORDING TO THE SOURCE OF THE FEAR;

– Animal phobias

– Natural environment

– Blood, needle, injury

– Situational

– Other (clown, elevator, height, bug, etc.)

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