Personality Disorders

Personality is the basic distinguishing, consistent and realistic relationship characteristics that distinguish the individual from the structuring of internal and external dynamics in other people.

Personality includes many concepts. This interaction between them, the patterns that progress from these interactions, the systemic relationship between these patterns, includes various descriptions of personality.

Many definitions of personality have been made. Experts with different emphases emphasized what they found important. The personality view we will take as a basis includes the views of Freud and Kernberg.

The three main dynamics of personality are Id, Ego and Superego. In fact, understanding these three structures means understanding many situations in life. Because a simple formula is more understandable for all of us in human structures that are difficult to grasp.

Id: primitive, gross, impulse and desire unit. The way of working here is more pleasure-oriented.

Ego: It is the part that attracts the id, says wait a minute, says you cannot act like this. This is where it conflicts. We also see defense techniques in this regard.

Superego: The superego, on the other hand, refers to the social and internal filter.

The greater the congruence between the ego, the id, and the superego, the less the disturbances. The more developed, coherent and structured the ego, the more organized the personality. The ego considers infancy, childhood and important crossroads important to life. This part Freud called the psychosexual stages. It acts as a radar-control while the spiritual mechanism takes advantage of the outside world.
General personality maturity is evaluated over ego. It is not a concept related to the concept of ego used in society.


These 3 structures (id, ego, superego) live in Consciousness and Subconscious. In other words, these structures are islands floating in the pool of consciousness and subconscious. Each structure has its own subconscious process. It is a repressed place that contains desires, desires, impulses, feelings and thoughts in the subconscious. If the ego and superego allow them, they come into Consciousness or leak. We immediately remember the conscious views, but this is not the case for the subconscious mind. We can think of visible, known and understood parts more like consciousness, but those that are not remembered and symbolized more like subconscious. Subliminal studies are the basic details that are mostly revealed by experts.

Defense Mechanisms

As the subconscious materials, emotions, desires, etc. get stronger, the ego has to develop various tactics to deal with this situation. In fact, the most important element of our personality is related to the diversity of defenses here. The goal is to rein in anxiety. Sometimes it can control the presence of the symptom by turning it into anxiety.

Personality development:

The development of personality is mind and body. Personality, which develops through psychosexual stages, is highly shaped by adolescence.

The development of personality begins with the oral period, which is the period when the person is given love, approval, acceptance and emotional nourishment.

In the anal period, it indicates the balance of the character’s holding-release, stubbornness, giving and giving. During this period, the pleasure area is the enal sphincter.

When it comes to the phallic stage, the places he enjoys are now the genitals.

In children between the ages of 6-10, the sleep phase of sexuality begins. In this period, the latent period; Adolescence is defined as the period when the genitals are once again a place of pleasure.

After wrapping up a bit, we can now move on to Personality Disorders:

Personality disorders are evaluated according to the following 3 criteria.

Ability to evaluate reality: Attitude towards reality, object relations, moral values, aggression,

Identity integrity: Whether the identity is stable, consistent and whole.

Defense Mechanisms: These are the defenses that are mostly shaped according to the conflicts in the subconscious.

According to the DSM, personality disorders are collected in 3 clusters:
PD: Personality Disorder

Cluster A:, Paranoid KB, Schizotypal KB, Schizoid KB
Cluster B: Antisocial BP, Histrionic BP, Borderline BP, Narcissistic BP

Cluster C: Avoidant KB, Dependent KB, Obsessive-Compulsive KB,

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