PERIODONTOLOGY (Treatment of Gum Diseases)

Periodontology is the branch of dentistry that examines the structure of soft (periodontal ligament, gingival) and hard tissues (bone, cementum) surrounding the teeth, the diseases that occur in these tissues and the treatment of these diseases.

Periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases that affect the gums and other tissues that support the teeth. Periodontal diseases are responsible for 70% of tooth loss in adults. These diseases can be treated easily and successfully when diagnosed at an early stage. Prevention or treatment of gum disease; It also brings other benefits such as protecting natural teeth, providing more comfortable chewing and better digestion. Periodontal diseases begin with gingivitis. In other words, gingivitis is the early period of periodontal disease. During this period, the gums are bleeding, red and enlarged in volume. It may not cause much discomfort in the early period. If left untreated, the disease may progress to periodontitis and cause irreversible damage to the gingiva and alveolar bone supporting the teeth.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?
There are many signs of gum disease; Gums that bleed during brushing Red, swollen and sensitive gums Gums that are easily separated from the teeth Inflammatory discharge between the teeth and gums Teeth that move or move away from each other (the formation of gaps between the teeth or the increase in existing gaps) Changes in the relationships between the upper and lower teeth during biting Partial dentures change in harmony, deterioration. Constant bad breath. However, periodontal disease can reach advanced stages without any symptoms. For this reason, it is extremely important to go to the dentist at regular intervals.
What is the treatment of gum disease?
Treatment in the early period of gingival disease includes removing the attachments (plaque and calculus) on the teeth and providing a smooth root surface. This process ensures the removal of bacteria and irritants that cause inflammation in the gingiva. Usually, this treatment is sufficient for the gingiva to adapt to the tooth again or to shrink the gingiva and eliminate the pocket. In the majority of cases in the early stages of gingival disease, daily effective oral care is sufficient for successful treatment, following tartar removal, removal of plaque and ensuring a smooth root surface. More advanced cases may require surgical treatment. The aim of this treatment is to clean the calculus in the deep periodontal pockets surrounding the teeth, to eliminate the pocket by shrinking and to provide a smooth root surface and to create a more easily cleanable gingival form. After periodontal treatment, patients should be regularly examined by a dentist, plaque control and new tartar deposits should be removed from the environment.

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