Periodontology (Gum Diseases)
Periodontology is the science that examines the structures that allow the teeth to hold in the jaw bones. These structures are gingiva, cementum (root surface), alveolar bone (jaw bones)and the periodontal membrane.
The healthy gingiva is light pink in color, has the appearance of an orange peel and tightly surrounds the tooth. Even if there is no caries in the mouth, poor gingival health can cause tooth loss in the future.
Initial stage of gingivitis ”gingivitis” is called. Gingivitis is reversible with regular oral care and basic scaling. If simple inflammation of the gingiva progresses ”periodontitis”It can cause gum disease, called gum disease, which causes the loss of the jawbone.
Causes of Gum Diseases
- hormonal changes,
- Poor Oral Hygiene,
- drug use, diabetes,
- Poorly Made Crown
- Bridges, Malnutrition
Symptoms of Gum Disease; Itching and discomfort in the teeth, Inflammation from the gingival pocket, Recessions in the gums, sagging of the teeth, Black areas on the teeth and gum edges, Bad breath and bad taste in the mouth, Burning, redness, swelling in the gums, Stress and teeth grinding
The first and most important symptom of gingival diseases is gingival bleeding. Healthy gums do not bleed.
Are Your Gums Bleeding?
If your gums are bleeding, there may be an infection in the gums or the gums are in danger of inflammation. Keep brushing your teeth and contact your dentist. Do not share your toothbrush with anyone. Bacteria that decay teeth are passed from person to person in this way.
Help children brush their teeth. Children ask for help while brushing their teeth until they are seven or eight years old. Help them use dental floss until they are ten years old. Show them how to brush their teeth after squeezing a small amount of fluoride toothpaste onto the brush. Children under the age of six should use toothpastes with low fluoride content. The toothpaste tablets that you can buy from pharmacies show where there is still toothache on the teeth. You can also use anti-cavity mouth rinses, but no method replaces careful brushing and flossing.
Treatment Methods Applied in Gum Disease
Professional Teeth Cleaning; The tartar and harmful tissues formed on the teeth and gingival edges are removed. If calculus is constantly occurring in the mouth, it should be regularly (every 6 months)calculus cleaning is required.
Curettage (Straightening of Root Surface); It is applied if tartar and harmful tissues cover the gingival pocket and root surface. Tartars and harmful tissues on the root surface of the tooth are removed with a curette or laser and the gingiva is ensured to tightly surround the root surface.
Flap Operation; If the stones and harmful tissues on the root surface cannot be removed sufficiently by curettage, that area is opened surgically. Harmful tissues and, if necessary, part of the gingiva are removed. If bone loss is too much in the opened area, artificial bone graft or bone tissues taken from the patient can be placed during the procedure.
Early Treatment of Gum Diseases is Important
The treatment of gingival diseases in the early stages is usually tartar cleaning and root surface straightening.
At these stages, bacterial deposits and tartar are removed from the pockets around the teeth and the root surfaces are smoothed. With these processes, bacteria and toxin substances that cause inflammation are removed from the mouth. These procedures, which are applied in the early stages of gingival diseases, are usually sufficient for satisfactory results.
In more advanced cases, surgical intervention may be required.
The purpose of surgical intervention; It is to remove the calculus and diseased tissues in the deep pockets in the environment, to flatten the root surfaces for healing and to shape the gums for easy cleaning. Periodontal patients should be seen periodically after treatments. The only way to maintain the positive results obtained with periodontal treatment is to brush the teeth, to use dental floss regularly and to use chemical agents that remove bacterial deposits from the environment, and most importantly, to have your check-up at intervals recommended by the dentist.
Things to Consider for Your Healthy Gums
Brush and floss your teeth properly every day, Eat a balanced diet, avoid empty calories and very sticky foods,
Learn to self-examine and do it routinely. Thus, you can catch the first signs of any intraoral or dental changes. Come to the dentist at least twice a year for a checkup and dental scaling.