PERIODONTOLOGY

Periodontology is the branch of dentistry that examines the structure of soft (periodontal ligament, gingival) and hard tissues (bone, cementum) surrounding the teeth, the diseases that occur in these tissues and the treatment of these diseases. Gums form the infrastructure of our mouth and teeth. Healthy gums are rose-pink in color and tightly surround the teeth. If your gums are unhealthy, it means that you may lose your teeth one day even if your teeth are not rotten. The early treatment of gum disease includes removing the attachments (plaque and tartar) on the teeth and providing a smooth root surface. This process ensures the removal of bacteria and irritants that cause inflammation in the gingiva. Untreated gums and advanced cases may require surgical treatment.

Food residues combine with the minerals in the saliva to form lime layers around the teeth and gums. These lime layers are initially soft. But they quickly turn into hard layers. You cannot remove them from your teeth by brushing. However, your dentist can remove calculus without damaging your teeth with suitable ultrasonic instruments designed for tartar cleaning.

This is a frequently asked question to dentists. In fact, in the continuation of this question, ‘does the tooth enamel get scratched during cleaning’ or ‘does it always require once cleaned?’ such questions come one after another. No, tartar cleaning does not harm the teeth. In fact, it is the most useful, quickest, most comfortable and cheapest procedure for your mouth. In addition, you can prevent many oral and dental problems by having regular cleaning.

Healthy gums do not bleed. If you have gingival bleeding while brushing, eating hard foods or spontaneously, you should consult your dentist immediately. There may be inflammation in your gums. Also, bad breath is a harbinger of inflammation.

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