Pedodontics Pediatric Dentistry

  • Pedodontics Pediatric Dentistry

Pedodontics or pediatric dentistry is a branch of science that aims to protect the health of the milk and permanent teeth of children aged 0-14 and to treat the diseases that occur.

Your child’s first teeth are called milk teeth. These teeth are very important as they allow the child to chew and help develop their speech. Milk teeth also serve to protect the permanent teeth that will come under them. Protecting the health of milk teeth prevents the need for orthodontic treatments in the future. Most importantly, a beautiful and healthy smile plays a role in the development of your child’s self-confidence. If the problems in milk teeth are not treated, it can cause great problems.

Flour application: Flour should be applied to reduce dental caries in children. Flour makes the enamel layer of the tooth in which it is in its structure extremely sensitive to the formation of caries. Fluoride is an element that prevents tooth decay and strengthens the structure of teeth. Fluoride is found in toothpastes as well as in some nutrients. However, because children often neglect to brush their teeth, they do not get enough fluoride in order for their teeth to gain resistance against caries. To compensate for this situation, topical fluoride applications are made. Topical fluoride application is a method that can only be applied by dentists. Topical fluoride application is especially applied to children whose teeth are prone to decay. In this way, a sufficient amount of fluoride is deposited on the teeth and the structure of the teeth is strengthened, making them resistant to caries. Topical fluoride application can only be effective if done every 6 months. For this, your children should go to the dentist regularly every 6 months.

Fissure sealants: Fissure sealants are a form of preventive treatment that aims to protect the tooth against caries before it develops. Studies show that 90% of caries develop on the chewing surfaces of molars. The molars are not fully calcified in the first months of their appearance in the mouth. (not hardened) and they are prone to rot. By filling the recesses and protrusions on the chewing surfaces of these teeth with fissure sealants, the risk of food accumulation and therefore the development of caries can be prevented to a great extent. These treatments are considered necessary, especially in individuals with familial predisposition to caries.

Placeholders: Moving or fixed appliances made to protect the places of prematurely lost milk teeth for any reason are called placeholders. Early loss of milk teeth causes some developmental problems as well as functional and aesthetic problems. Milk teeth guide for permanent teeth that will erupt, if they are lost prematurely, permanent teeth will erupt randomly and crowding will occur. For this reason, development and caries follow-up should be kept very strictly in primary school children in mixed dentition without neglecting periodic controls.

Compomer filler: It is applied in the treatment of caries lesions in milk teeth. Compomer filling prevents the formation of caries that may occur in other teeth, thanks to the flour it contains. In this treatment applied to milk teeth, it has become more fun with the color options that children want.

Pulpotomy: It is a treatment method applied in cases where the caries on the teeth progress and affect the crown pulp of the tooth, but the root pulp is not infected. If the problematic tooth is the primary tooth, this treatment is applied and it is kept in the mouth without pulling the tooth and continues to guide the permanent teeth coming from below. In this way, the prevention of orthodontic problems that may be encountered in the future is taken. If the tooth in question is a permanent tooth that has completed its root development, this treatment is applied to maintain the vitality of the root pulp and thus the root development continues. When the root has completed its development, the treatment is terminated with root canal treatment.

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