- What is pedodontics?
Pedodontics (Pediatric Dentistry)It is a department that aims to protect the milk and permanent teeth of 0-13 age group children in a healthy manner and to eliminate the problems caused by caries, trauma, hereditary and similar factors in these teeth.
- Importance of Milk Teeth
Milk teeth are 20 in total. The primary task of milk teeth is to provide nutrition to the child. In addition, the proper development of speech also depends on the presence of milk teeth. Milk teeth protect the area they cover for the permanent tooth that will replace them and guide it while the permanent tooth is erupting. Milk When the tooth is extracted early, this natural place-holding function also disappears.
The primary aim of pediatric dentistry is to take measures to prevent dental problems and to guide children to a caries-free future. The procedures applied for this purpose are called Preventive Dentistry Practices.
- Protective applications
Among the preventive practices aimed at preventing dental caries, great importance is attached to educating the child and his family about oral health and nutrition. In our clinic, tooth brushing technique is applied to our patients. Superficial fluoride and fissure sealant procedures are among the preventive dentistry applications.
- Fissure sealant:
It is a fluid filling material that closes the deep and decay-prone fissures (grooves) on the chewing surfaces of permanent teeth and does not allow bacteria to reach there, thus preventing caries. Fissure sealant applications should be checked every 6 months.
- Fluorine applications:
Fluorine is an element that prevents tooth decay and strengthens the structure of teeth. Since the enamel is not fully mature when the teeth first erupt, newly erupted teeth are generally less resistant to caries and are prone to caries formation. Fluoride strengthens the enamel, protects the tooth against acid attacks and thus helps prevent the formation of dental caries. Professional superficial fluoride application is a protective method that can only be applied by dentists. Superficial fluoride should be applied by a dentist every 6 months.
- Tooth decay
Tooth decay is a disease that starts with the destruction of dental hard tissues by acids produced as a result of the bacteria on the teeth fermenting the nutrients. Especially in early childhood, when foods such as honey, sugar or biscuit milk are put into the bottle during sleep and given to the child, and the pacifier is dipped in sugary foods, common bruises seen in young children are called bottle cavities.
- Dental Traumas
One of the most important problems encountered in childhood is traumatic injuries. The treatment is performed by taking into account the age of the patient, the degree of injury, the region, the tissues of interest and the general condition of the patient.
In early loss of primary teeth, appliances called space holders are used to protect the place of the permanent tooth that will come from below. Placeholders are appliances that prevent the neighboring teeth from moving into the extraction space and thus prevent the permanent tooth from being impacted or protruding from a different place, thus preventing future orthodontic disorders.
The treatment of children who are compatible with the dentist is performed in clinical conditions, and the treatment of mentally retarded or anxious children is performed under sedation or general anesthesia.