PEDODONTI (Pediatric Dentistry)

Pedodontics (Pediatric Dentistry) is a branch of dentistry. It treats diseases in the mouth and dental tissues in children and performs preventive dentistry practices. Starting from the factors that affect the development and calcification of milk teeth in the baby’s life in the mother’s womb, after birth; Tooth eruption in babies; Factors affecting tooth eruption, Examining the development, calcification and eruption of permanent teeth, Caries in children’s milk and permanent teeth and their treatment methods, Oral-dental health of pediatric patients and their protection methods, Evaluation of oral-dental findings together with systemic diseases, The basis of preventive dentistry It is a branch of science.

Fluorine applications

Fluoride should be applied to reduce the incidence of dental caries in children. Flour makes the enamel layer of the tooth in which it enters extremely resistant to caries formation. Fluoride is an element that prevents tooth decay and strengthens the structure of teeth. Fluoride is found in toothpastes as well as in some nutrients. However, because children often neglect to brush their teeth, they do not get enough fluoride for their teeth to gain resistance against caries. To compensate for this situation, topical fluoride applications are made. Superficial fluoride applications are a simple, painless procedure that can be started from the age of 3 and should be repeated every 6 months. It is ideal for the child’s first encounter with the Dentist and coming for a check-up every 6 months.

Fissure sealants

The chewing surfaces of the teeth are indented. These pits and mounds are called pits and fissures. These areas are very narrow and are often where cavities start due to the inability to clear the jam. A special fluid filling material is used in order to prevent the accumulation of food and microorganisms in these areas and accordingly caries. The period when the first permanent teeth appear in the mouth is ideal for application. This is around 6 years old. It is also applied to the others during the eruption of other molars. An important point is that it should be done shortly after the permanent teeth begin to erupt. (within 1–2 years) it will be better. Because the longer the time, the more likely it is to develop cavities and it may be necessary to fill instead of fissure sealant. Although it can be applied to adults without caries, its use in children is more beneficial and important. It is an absolutely painless and very easy procedure.


Moving or fixed appliances made to protect the places of prematurely lost milk teeth for any reason are called placeholders. Early loss of milk teeth causes some developmental problems as well as functional and aesthetic problems. Milk teeth guide for permanent teeth that will erupt, if they are lost prematurely, permanent teeth will erupt randomly and crowding will occur. For this reason, development and caries follow-up should be very strict in primary school children in the mixed dentition period without neglecting periodic controls.


The decayed part of the tooth is cleaned and treated with permanent or temporary filling depending on the situation. In some cases, the tooth is too dilapidated to be treated with a filling. Such teeth can sometimes be kept in the mouth for a while, instead of being pulled out, by covering them with ‘caps’ specially prepared for children. In recent years, colored fillings have been produced to make children love going to the Dentist and Dentist.

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