Panic disorder is a progressive disorder with unexpected panic attack phases. We can say that the attacks that start with physical arousal in people who do not show any physiological distress as a result of medical examination are panic disorder. The person usually thinks they are going to die because the bodily symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack and suffocation. In addition to being a type of anxiety disorder, misinterpretation of physical symptoms and recurrent panic attacks begin to seriously affect people’s lives. The person erroneously interprets attacks that begin with somatic symptoms as catastrophic (like dying, going insane, etc.) comments. And before each attack, the sensitivity to bodily symptoms begins to increase. This sensitivity and the course of attacks that match certain places over time lead the person to some escape behaviors. In other words, the person starts to develop a fear of getting into a vehicle, going away from home alone, being alone, entering closed places and being in open spaces. We call this “agoraphobia”. The person begins to expect attacks in every part of his life. And this is accompanied by the catastrophizing of the post-attack situation. After having an attack, the person imagines that the results will be the worst, as if he will be helpless, helpless, or that the people he is responsible for will be in a difficult situation if something happens to him.
Attack fears of anticipation and avoidance behaviors gradually begin to cause dysfunction in the person’s interpersonal relationships, academic status, and family environment.
Cause of Panic Disorder
Panic Disorder may not occur directly in connection with an event. Sometimes, panic attacks can be seen years after a trauma. Stress and anxiety processes that the person is exposed to for a long time can trigger panic disorder. After an adverse life event, a person’s risk of developing panic disorder may increase.
The treatment of panic attack can be treated in an average of eight sessions with CBT techniques including psychoeducation, cognitive restructuring, breathing, relaxation exercises and exposure.
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