Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder characterized by unexpected panic attacks. Panic attacks, on the other hand, are defined as sudden attacks of fear that include palpitations, sweating, tremors, shortness of breath, numbness or the feeling that something bad will happen (APA, 2013).

While fear is the most primitive emotional response to a visibly tangible threat from the outside world (Oltmanns & Emery, 2015); Anxiety, on the other hand, is expressed as ‘memory traces of primitive fears’ formed after traumas.

A separate episode of intense fear or restlessness in which at least four (or more) of the following symptoms begin abruptly and reach a peak within 10 minutes:

  1. Palpitations, sense of heartbeat, or increased heart rate

  2. Sweating

  3. shaking or shaking

  4. Feelings of shortness of breath or choking

  5. suffocation

  6. Chest pain or feeling of tightness in the chest

  7. nausea or abdominal pain

  8. Dizziness, feeling light-headed, feeling like you’re about to fall or pass out

  9. Derealization (feelings of unreality) or depersonalization (being detached from oneself)

  10. Fear of losing control or going crazy

  11. The fear of death

  12. Paresthesias (numbness or tingling sensations)

  13. Chills, chills or hot flashes

  14. Loss of a loved one, separation or other worrying situations are effective in the formation of panic disorders (Kurtz, 2012). In addition, it is thought that factors such as separation anxiety, defense styles and attachment styles may play a role in the psychodynamic basis of panic disorder (Çeçen, 2015). Psychological factors, the feeling of taking too much responsibility, environmental factors and life stages are also effective in the formation of panic disorder.
  15. Panics are not independent of the person’s past life and experiences.

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