Panic Attack Symptoms and Treatment

In the 21st century, which can also be called the age of stress, stress and various fears cause psychological disorders on individuals and these disorders are increasing more and more compared to previous years. Panic attack is also the most common and even an important disease seen in almost one out of every 80 people.

What is Panic Attack?
In its simplest definition, panic attack; It is a seizure of fear that manifests itself in uncertain times and causes people to be terrified and lose control when it occurs. Its defining feature is that it recurs unexpectedly. This situation, which can also be called a crisis, starts suddenly, becomes more severe in a short time and reaches its peak in about 10 minutes. This crisis can last up to half an hour and it will pass. Sometimes it can take 3-5 minutes, sometimes 1 hour.

Panic attacks can be experienced only once in a person’s life, and this discomfort can manifest itself at various times throughout a lifetime. Studies have shown that the recurrence of the disorder depends on certain triggering factors, which can also be called phobia. For example, a panic attack may recur as soon as someone with a fear of heights begins to experience this fear.

Also known as “fear of fear,” this mental disorder — according to Stanford University School of Medicine research — produces similar symptoms of anxiety, such as palpitations, respiratory failure, chest pain, and dizziness. It becomes an unstoppable fear after the disaster scenario produced by the subconscious mind, which is thought to be a disorder that will cause major problems such as a heart attack or not being able to breathe.

What Are Panic Attack Symptoms?
There are approximately 14 symptoms of this disorder. However; Experiencing one or more of the symptoms is not sufficient for the diagnosis of a panic attack. The simultaneous occurrence of at least 4 of the following may indicate this condition.

heart palpitations
inability to breathe
shortness of breath
chest tightness
Stomach ache
feeling of fainting
Feeling of seeing differently
Fear of losing self-control
The fear of death
feeling of suffocation
In general, although patients come to the hospital with the complaint of a heart attack after a panic attack, they feel relieved when they learn about the problem. However, the possibility of repeating the same situation creates a bigger problem in daily life.

What are the Causes of Panic Attacks?
Problems caused by irregular and ready-made food and eating habits in blood sugar
taking deep breaths too often
Allergies and digestive disorders
Medicines taken as antidepressants
Drugs, caffeine-containing foods, alcohol, and cigarettes
bodily aches
Disorders that interfere with the balance and control of the body
It would be wrong to say anything clear, since the above-mentioned will definitely trigger the attack, as it is still in the research phase. However, it should be taken into account that the probability of triggering is high.

Does Everyone Suffer Agoraphobia?
Patients actually acquire a new phobia in order not to experience the terrifying fear they experienced for the rest of their lives. They don’t want to be in the same situation as they can. Agoraphobia is the avoidance of places where you have a panic attack or similar.

60% of those who have an attack experience agoraphobia and do not want to approach such places in order to eliminate the possibility of a new attack. At the same time, they do not want to go out alone, use public transport or be in crowded areas for fear of being disgraced, as they are afraid of being alone because there will be no one to help.

Can Panic Attacks Be Treated?
Panic attacks can be treated with scientifically proven methods. The important thing is that the patient is determined and willing during the treatment process. Although it can be treated with medication, the most effective method in this regard is psychotherapy. After the patient’s history, disease process and other conditions are carefully examined by a specialist psychologist, the appropriate route is determined.

Is Psychotherapy Sufficient?
We explained above what triggers panic attacks. Physically, attention should be paid to these issues and a specialist should be consulted for therapy. The most effective psychotherapy method in the treatment of panic attacks is cognitive behavioral therapy. It aims to deal with anxiety disorders and fears in a more realistic way through the way of thinking and behaviors that cause the disease. It helps you to evaluate logically what you may encounter as a result of just a tremor or heart palpitation, and re-evaluate the attacks from this point of view.

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