Panic Attack Symptoms and Agoraphobia

The presence of 4 of the following symptoms in the form of attacks and the absence of a medical physical condition to explain the situation is sufficient for the diagnosis of “panic attack”.

Panic attack symptoms:

  • chest pain or tightness,

  • heart palpitations, rapid heartbeat or feeling very hard

  • Dizziness, feeling light-headed, falling or fainting

  • Shortness of breath, hunger for air, or feeling like you’re suffocating

  • shortness of breath

  • Sweating, chills feeling

  • numbness, tingling, numbness

  • feeling cold, hot flashes,

  • Nausea, vomiting or abdominal pain

  • trembling, shaking sensation

  • Feeling of alienation, feeling differentiated from one’s body or environment, a sense of strangeness.

  • The fear of death

  • Fear of losing control or going crazy

If there is an anxious expectation of a relapse after the attack, then we call the diagnosis “panic disorder”, but I also call panic disorder as it is commonly used in my article, panic attack. If there are less than 4 of the above symptoms but the process is similar to an attack, we call this situation a “limited panic attack”.

Panic attack symptoms begin suddenly, gradually intensify, reach the maximum level within 10 minutes, and rarely last for 1 hour. It got this name because of the fear of death and going crazy or losing control and because it comes in attacks.

Between attacks, the person constantly experiences the fear of experiencing the same situation again. The person’s mind is constantly preoccupied with the possible bad consequences of a panic attack (I will die, I will have a heart attack, I will go crazy, my children will be in the middle, etc.).

The person may not be able to go out because of the fear of attacks, or may stay away from places that remind of the attack. He can carry with him water, food, medicine and similar things that he thinks are protective.

Classic panic attack symptoms include intense fear and sadness. Some people are afraid of having a heart attack when no one is home, dying before reaching the hospital and getting help, or committing suicide by losing control and going crazy. On the other hand, another group may be very afraid of hurting themselves or their relatives with a knife or something like that, or of being disgraced by behaving wildly and strangely in the presence of others. These thoughts and fictions cause intense fear and sadness in people.

Agoraphobia: The inability of people to go to or stay in places where they think a panic attack will occur is called Agoraphobia. A person cannot stay at home alone or go out on the street, cannot take vehicles or elevators. This condition, Agoraphobia, is present in about 60 out of every hundred people.

It is normal for the symptoms to change gradually during an attack. For example, someone who goes to the emergency room with the fear of having palpitations and seizures 3 times is no longer afraid of palpitations, but may experience a slight dizziness or fear of paralysis in numbness.

My dear readers, please check whether your fear is a panic attack in the light of the information above and do not be afraid to get help in this regard. With psychotherapy, medication support and life changes, panic attack is a disorder that can be cured one hundred percent.

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