Diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus)occurs when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin and the body cannot effectively use the insulin that has been produced. It is a chronic disease. This condition damages the blood vessels and nerves as well as the entire body system and causes high blood sugar levels. Complications related to diabetes occur in a long time and follow a slow course.
Diabetic Foot Treatment with Ozone
The major treatment method and ozone bagging method are applied in foot wounds. In the major treatment method;A certain amount of blood taken from the patient is mixed with ozone and given back to the body. The bagging method is; The wound area is wrapped with special bags. Some ozone gas is given into the bag. With the bagging method, the amount of oxygen in the injured area increases. The repair process begins with self-renewing cells and tissues.
What are the Causes and Risks of Diabetic Foot?
Diabetic foot wounds appear suddenly and progress rapidly, negatively affecting the foot and life. Uncontrolled diabetes can damage the immune system and organs. Normal sweat secretion and oil production are disrupted in the feet of patients with loss of sensation. However, while walking, pressure occurs on the skin, bones and joint areas of the foot. Deterioration and sores may develop on the skin of the foot. Because of the poor blood flow, antibiotics cannot easily reach the infected area. Advanced cases may develop into gangrene.
How Is Diabetic Foot Diagnosed?
The patient must first undergo a comprehensive medical examination.
The patient is asked questions about his complaint. During the examination, a detailed examination is performed by examining the patient’s vital functions (blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate) by examining the sensations in the feet and legs.
Blood tests are ordered to determine whether the body is functioning properly in the face of the infection and its severity.
X-rays of the feet and legs may be requested to see infection-related damage to the bones or joints and foreign bodies in the soft tissues.
To see the blood flow in the veins of the lower extremities (limb) Doppler ultrasoundmay be requested.
If poor circulation is detected, an angiogram may be performed to improve circulation.
What Are Diabetic Foot Symptoms?
Foot strain, sprains, improper use of shoes, and signs of infection can be signs.
Swelling of the Feet or Legs:
- Pain (limping) in the legs and hips that increases with walking and improves with rest
- Hair no longer growing on the lower legs and feet
- The appearance of shiny and hard skin on the feet and legs.
There may be signs of injury, wear, abrasion and infection of the foot. It can cause serious infections such as ingrown toenail, toenail fungus, athlete’s foot.
Fever or Chills Associated with Foot Wound:
It may be a sign of infection that threatens the patient’s life and limbs.
Redness Spreading From The Wound: It is a sign of infection that is getting worse.,
Persistent or New Numbness in the Feet and Legs: Could be a sign of nerve damage from diabetes.
When Should You Call The Doctor If You Have Diabetic Foot Problems?
- Constant pain in the feet and legs is not normal. A specialist doctor should be consulted.
- Newly formed wounds such as blisters and ulcers on the feet and legs can become a serious cause. That is why it is necessary to consult a doctor how to treat it.
- Newly formed redness, warmth and swelling in the feet and legs. This may be signs of infection or inflammation. Early intervention can prevent problems that may occur.
- Redness, pain and swelling around the toenail. Such a condition could be an ingrown toenail. It requires early intervention.
- Acute blood circulation in the feet and legs with severe pain can cause serious nerve damage or infection.
- Wounds and ulcers of more than 1 inch (2.54 cm) on the feet and legs. This can be infections that threaten the limbs.
- Redness or red streaking on the feet and legs that radiates from ulcers or sores. This may be a sign of infection that has spread to the tissues.
- Having a fever higher than 38.5 associated with the feet and legs. This can be a sign of infection that threatens life and limbs.
Causes Facilitating Diabetic Foot Wound Formation
- Causes of nerve and vascular damage
- uncontrolled diabetes
- Alcohol and smoking
- Using the wrong shoes
- walking around barefoot
- Deformity of the bones (deformity)
- Increasing problems in feet and legs with advancing age
- Not paying attention to the hygiene of the feet
How Can We Prevent Diabetic Foot Problems?
To prevent the recurrence of the disease;
- Regular diabetes control
- Regular diet and healthy life by adhering to diabetes
- Quitting smoking and alcohol use
- Regular walks
- In patients with diabetes, calluses occur in the compression areas of the feet. Protective creams should be used regularly to prevent calluses from forming.
- Washing the feet every day and wearing clean socks, paying attention to the hygiene of the feet.
- Wearing shoes and socks suitable for diabetic patients by protecting the feet
- It is necessary to prevent injury to the feet and not to walk around with bare feet.